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题名: Microplastic pollution in China's inland water systems: A review of findings, methods, characteristics, effects, and management
作者: Zhang, Kai1, 2, 6; Shi, Huahong3; Peng, Jinping4; Wang, Yinghui5; Xiong, Xiong1; Wu, Chenxi1, 5, 7; Lam, Paul K. S.2
关键词: Microplastics ; Inland water ; Sources ; Management ; China
刊名: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
发表日期: 2018-07-15
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.300
卷: 630, 页:1641-1653
收录类别: SCI ; ISTP
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology
英文摘要: The pollution of marine environments and inland waters by plastic debris has raised increasing concerns worldwide in recent years. China is the world's largest developing country and the largest plastic producer. In this review, we gather available information on microplastic pollution in China's inland water systems. The results show that microplastics are ubiquitous in the investigated inland water systems, and high microplastic abundances were observed in developed areas. Although similar sampling and analytical methods were used for microplastic research in inland water and marine systems, methods of investigation should be standardized in the future. The characteristics of the detected microplastics suggest secondary sources as their major sources. The biological and ecological effects of microplastics have been demonstrated, but their risks are difficult to determine at this stage due to the discrepancy between the field-collected microplastics and microplastics used in ecotoxicological studies. Although many laws and regulations have already been established to manage and control plastic waste in China, the implementation of these laws and regulations has been ineffective and sometimes difficult. Several research priorities are identified, and we suggest that the Chinese government should be more proactive in tackling plastic pollution problems to protect the environment and fulfill international responsibilities. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: ATLANTIC SUBTROPICAL GYRE ; SMALL PLASTIC DEBRIS ; 3 GORGES RESERVOIR ; MARINE-ENVIRONMENT ; SURFACE WATERS ; AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT ; ATMOSPHERIC FALLOUT ; SYNTHETIC-FIBERS ; RIVER SEDIMENTS ; SINKING RATES
语种: 英语
项目资助者: National Natural Science Foundation of China(41501536) ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology(2016FBZ11) ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; City University of Hong Kong ; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS记录号: WOS:000432467700160
ISSN号: 0048-9697
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/50894
Appears in Collections:水环境工程研究中心_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.City Univ Hong Kong, State Key Lab Marine Pollut, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
3.East China Normal Univ, State Key Lab Estuarine & Coastal Res, Shanghai 200062, Peoples R China
4.Guangdong Univ Technol, Fac Chem Engn & Light Ind, Guangzhou 51006, Guangdong, Peoples R China
5.Guangxi Univ, Sch Marine Sci, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China
6.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
7.Donghu South Rd 7, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
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