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Comparative transcriptome analysis of scaled and scaleless skins in Gymnocypris eckloni provides insights into the molecular mechanism of scale degeneration
Feng,Xiu1; Jia,Yintao1; Zhu,Ren1; Li,Kemao2; Guan,Zhongzhi2; Chen,Yifeng1
Corresponding AuthorChen,Yifeng(chenyf@ihb.ac.cn)
2020-11-27
Source PublicationBMC Genomics
Volume21Issue:1
AbstractAbstractBackgroundThe scale degeneration is thought to be related to the adaptation to the extreme environment with cold climate and high-altitude in schizothoracine fishes. Gymnocypris eckloni, a schizothoracine fish living in plateau waters with the elevation above 2500?m, is nearly esquamate and only covered with shoulder scales and anal scales, making it a good model species to study the molecular mechanism of scale degeneration.ResultsThe transcriptomes of shoulder scaled skins (SSS), anal scaled skins (ASS) and scaleless skins (NSS) were sequenced and analyzed in G. eckloni at the age of 1 year. Histological examination showed that shoulder scale had completed its differentiation and anal scale just initiated the differentiation. A total of 578,046 unigenes were obtained from the transcriptomes, with 407,799 unigenes annotated in public databases. A total of 428 and 142 differentially expressed unigenes (DEUs) were identified between SSS and NSS, and between ASS and NSS, respectively, with 45 DEUs that were overlapped. Annotation analysis indicated that these DEUs were mainly enriched in Gene Ontology (GO) terms and KEGG pathways associated with bone and muscle formation, such as myofibril, contractile fiber, cytoskeletal protein binding, muscle structure development, cardiac muscle contraction, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and calcium signaling pathway.ConclusionsOur results would provide insights into the molecular mechanisms of scale degeneration in G. eckloni and other congeneric fishes. In addition, the transcriptome data provides candidate genes and markers for future studies.
KeywordGymnocypris eckloni Transcriptome Skin Scale degeneration
DOI10.1186/s12864-020-07247-w
Language英语
WOS IDBMC:10.1186/s12864-020-07247-w
PublisherBioMed Central
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/39237
Collection水生生物多样性与资源保护研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorChen,Yifeng
Affiliation1.Chinese Academy of Sciences; Institute of Hydrobiology
2.QingHai Provincial Fishery Environmental Monitoring Center
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Feng,Xiu,Jia,Yintao,Zhu,Ren,et al. Comparative transcriptome analysis of scaled and scaleless skins in Gymnocypris eckloni provides insights into the molecular mechanism of scale degeneration[J]. BMC Genomics,2020,21(1).
APA Feng,Xiu,Jia,Yintao,Zhu,Ren,Li,Kemao,Guan,Zhongzhi,&Chen,Yifeng.(2020).Comparative transcriptome analysis of scaled and scaleless skins in Gymnocypris eckloni provides insights into the molecular mechanism of scale degeneration.BMC Genomics,21(1).
MLA Feng,Xiu,et al."Comparative transcriptome analysis of scaled and scaleless skins in Gymnocypris eckloni provides insights into the molecular mechanism of scale degeneration".BMC Genomics 21.1(2020).
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