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Elovl2 But Not Elovl5 Is Essential for the Biosynthesis of Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) in Zebrafish: Insight from a Comparative Gene Knockout Study
Liu, Chengjie1,2; Ye, Ding1,2; Wang, Houpeng1; He, Mudan1,2; Sun, Yonghua1,2
Corresponding AuthorSun, Yonghua(yhsun@ihb.ac.cn)
2020-09-03
Source PublicationMARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY
ISSN1436-2228
Pages7
AbstractTeleost fish can synthesize one of the major omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), from dietary alpha-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3n-3), via elongase of very long-chain fatty acid (Elovl) and fatty acid desaturase (Fads). However, it remains unclear which elongase is primarily responsible for the endogenous synthesis of DHA. Here, in this study, the knockout models of the two major elongases, Elovl2 and Elovl5, were generated by CRISPR/Cas9 approach in zebrafish and comparatively analyzed. The homozygous mutants were validated by Sanger sequencing, mutation-mediated PCR, and whole-mount in situ hybridization analysis of the endogenous target genes. Compared with wild-type (WT) counterparts, the content of DHA was significantly reduced by 67.1% (P < 0.05) in the adult liver and by 91.7% (P < 0.01) in the embryo at 3-day post-fertilization (dpf) of theelovl2mutant, but not of theelovl5mutant. Further study revealed thatelovl2andfads2was upregulated by 9.9-fold (P < 0.01) and 9.7-fold (P < 0.01) in theelovl5mutant, andelovl5andfads2were upregulated by 15.1-fold (P < 0.01) and 21.5-fold (P < 0.01) in theelovl2mutant. Our study indicates that although both Elovl2 and Elovl5 have the elongase activity toward C20, the upregulation ofelovl2could completely replace the genetic depletion ofelovl5, but upregulation ofelovl5could not compensate the endogenous deficiency ofelovl2in mediating DHA synthesis. In conclusion, the endogenous synthesis of DHA in is mediated by Elovl2 but not Elovl5 in zebrafish and a DHA-deficient genetic model of zebrafish has been generated.
KeywordElovl2 Elovl5 Docosahexaenoic acid Zebrafish
DOI10.1007/s10126-020-09992-1
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key R&D Program of China[2018YFA0801000] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31972780] ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology[2019FBZ05]
WOS Research AreaBiotechnology & Applied Microbiology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS SubjectBiotechnology & Applied Microbiology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS IDWOS:000565473900001
WOS KeywordPOLYUNSATURATED FATTY-ACIDS ; LONG-CHAIN PUFA ; ELONGATION ; NUCLEASE
PublisherSPRINGER
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology ; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/38632
Collection淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorSun, Yonghua
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Innovat Acad Seed Design, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Adv Agr Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Chengjie,Ye, Ding,Wang, Houpeng,et al. Elovl2 But Not Elovl5 Is Essential for the Biosynthesis of Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) in Zebrafish: Insight from a Comparative Gene Knockout Study[J]. MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY,2020:7.
APA Liu, Chengjie,Ye, Ding,Wang, Houpeng,He, Mudan,&Sun, Yonghua.(2020).Elovl2 But Not Elovl5 Is Essential for the Biosynthesis of Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) in Zebrafish: Insight from a Comparative Gene Knockout Study.MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY,7.
MLA Liu, Chengjie,et al."Elovl2 But Not Elovl5 Is Essential for the Biosynthesis of Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) in Zebrafish: Insight from a Comparative Gene Knockout Study".MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY (2020):7.
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