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题名: Effects of conservation wetlands on stream habitat, water quality and fish communities in agricultural watersheds of the lower Mississippi River Basin
作者: Shrestha, Sagar1; Farrelly, John1; Eggleton, Michael1; Chen, Yushun1, 2
关键词: Wetland reserve program ; Wetland and cropland streams ; Habitat ; Water quality ; Fish communities
刊名: ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
发表日期: 2017-10-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.06.054
卷: 107, 页:99-109
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Technology
类目[WOS]: Ecology ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Engineering
英文摘要: Wetland conservation programs (e.g., Wetland Reserve Program and Conservation Reserve Program) have been implemented throughout the Mississippi River Basin to reduce environmental impacts from agricultural activities. However, there is limited information on the overall effectiveness of these programs on improving stream ecological conditions. To address this issue, replicate streams from southeastern Arkansas draining watersheds containing predominately croplands (n = 4, termed "cropland") and created wetlands (n = 4, termed "wetland") were monitored monthly from August 2012 through July 2013. Although repeated-measures analyses of variance (ANOVA) detected many significant time x stream type interactions, several habitat parameters and total habitat scores exhibited a general improvement in wetland streams. Some water quality conditions were better in wetland streams (e.g., lower turbidity, total suspended solids, and nutrient) compared to cropland streams. The time (season) effect was significant (p < 0.05) for 13 of the 14 water quality parameters measured, meaning that water quality varied seasonally. Among the water quality parameters measured, three (water temperature, pH, and turbidity) exhibited significant (p < 0.05) time x stream type interaction, meaning that the stream type effect was not consistent through time (seasons). Fish community sampling collected 6543 specimens from 12 species during the study period; 4410 and 2133 fish specimens were collected from cropland and wetland streams, respectively. Fish community metrics such as species diversity, species evenness, and species richness index were not significantly (p > 0.05) greater in wetland streams. Overall, the conservation wetlands in the Lower Mississippi River Basin appear to have significantly improved stream habitat and moderately improved water quality, though no significant fish community effect was detected. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: LAND-USE ; PHYSICAL HABITAT ; COMPARATIVE BIODIVERSITY ; BIOLOGICAL INTEGRITY ; RESERVE PROGRAM ; LANDSCAPE ; PHOSPHORUS ; NUTRIENT ; RESTORATION ; ASSEMBLAGES
语种: 英语
项目资助者: USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Conservation Innovation Grant (CIG)(69-3A75-12-227) ; NRCS Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative (MRBI) ; National Water Quality Initiative (NWQI) programs
WOS记录号: WOS:000408676900010
ISSN号: 0925-8574
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/35066
Appears in Collections:淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Univ Arkansas Pine Bluff, Aquaculture & Fisheries Ctr, 1200 North Univ Dr, Pine Bluff, AR 71601 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, 7 South Donghu Rd, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, Peoples R China
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