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Replacement of Fishmeal by a Mixture of Soybean Meal and Chlorella Meal in Practical Diets for Juvenile Crucian Carp, Carassius auratus
Shi, Xi1,2; Luo, Zhi1,2; Chen, Guang-Hui1,2; Chen, Feng1,2; Zhang, Li-Han1,2; Zhu, Xiao-Ming3; Liu, Xu4
2017-10-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY
ISSN0893-8849
Volume48Issue:5Pages:770-781
Abstract

A growth trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of a mixture of soybean meal and Chlorella meal (SCM) as a dietary fishmeal (FM) substitute on growth performance, apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs), digestive enzymatic activities, and histology of juvenile crucian carp, Carassius auratus. Five isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets were formulated to replace 0 (SCM0), 25 (SCM25), 50 (SCM50), 75 (SCM75), and 100% (SCM100) of protein from FM with SCM, respectively. The diets were fed to triplicate groups of juvenile crucian carp for 6 wk. Weight gain, specific growth rate, feed intake, protein efficiency ratio, and intestinal digestive enzymatic activities (amylase, trypsin, and lipase) tended to decline with increasing FM replacement levels (P > 0.05). Dietary SCM substitution significantly influenced dry matter content in muscle, and crude protein and lipid contents in liver (P < 0.05). ADCs for dry matter, protein, lipid, energy, and most amino acids showed no significant differences between the control and SCM25 group, but tended to decline with replacement levels over 25%. Higher SCM substitution (50-100%) caused karyopyknosis and necrosis in liver, but intestinal histology did not show noticeable pathological changes. The present study indicated that FM could be replaced by 25% of SCM, without significant adverse growth performance, feed utilization, and histology of crucian carp.

Keywordalternative plant protein sources apparent digestibility coefficient Carassius auratus growth performance histology
DOI10.1111/jwas.12403
Funding OrganizationSpecial Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectSpecial Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China[201303053]
WOS Research AreaFisheries
WOS SubjectFisheries
WOS IDWOS:000412110800009
WOS KeywordTROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS ; SHRIMP LITOPENAEUS-VANNAMEI ; CRAB ERIOCHEIR-SINENSIS ; IN-VIVO DIGESTIBILITY ; GILTHEAD SEA BREAM ; BLUNT SNOUT BREAM ; GROWTH-PERFORMANCE ; DIGESTIVE ENZYMES ; BODY-COMPOSITION ; SPARUS-AURATA
PublisherWILEY
Funding OrganizationSpecial Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/31603
Collection淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorLuo, Zhi
Affiliation1.Huazhong Agr Univ, Key Lab Freshwater Anim Breeding, Minist Agr China, Fishery Coll, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Freshwater Aquaculture Collaborat Innovat Ctr Hub, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
4.Panjin Guanghe Crab Co Ltd, Panjin, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shi, Xi,Luo, Zhi,Chen, Guang-Hui,et al. Replacement of Fishmeal by a Mixture of Soybean Meal and Chlorella Meal in Practical Diets for Juvenile Crucian Carp, Carassius auratus[J]. JOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY,2017,48(5):770-781.
APA Shi, Xi.,Luo, Zhi.,Chen, Guang-Hui.,Chen, Feng.,Zhang, Li-Han.,...&Liu, Xu.(2017).Replacement of Fishmeal by a Mixture of Soybean Meal and Chlorella Meal in Practical Diets for Juvenile Crucian Carp, Carassius auratus.JOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY,48(5),770-781.
MLA Shi, Xi,et al."Replacement of Fishmeal by a Mixture of Soybean Meal and Chlorella Meal in Practical Diets for Juvenile Crucian Carp, Carassius auratus".JOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY 48.5(2017):770-781.
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