IHB OpenIR  > 鱼类生物学及渔业生物技术研究中心  > 期刊论文
Outbreak of mass mortality of yearling groupers of Epinephelus (Perciformes, Serranidae) associated with the infection of a suspected new enteric Sphaerospora (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) species in South China Sea
Liu, X. H.1,2; Xu, L. W.3; Luo, D.1,2; Zhao, Y. L.1,2; Zhang, Q. Q.1; Liu, G. F.3; Zhang, J. Y.1,2
2018-04-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES
ISSN0140-7775
Volume41Issue:4Pages:663-672
Abstract

A suspected new enteric Sphaerospora species was believed to be directly associated with the mass mortality of yearling groupers of Epinephelus spp. in South China. The epizootic generally emerged from late September to late April of the following year. The infection prevalence and mortality rate were significantly negatively correlated with fish size. Clinical signs included anorexia, cachexia and extrusion of white pulp-like substance from anus after gentle pressure on the abdomen. Upon necropsy, severe intestinal oedema, thin and transparent intestinal wall, swollen spleen, kidney and gall bladder could be observed. Wet preparation of the infected samples showed large amount of typical disporous plasmodia of the genus Sphaerospora, but no mature spores were observed. Epidemiological investigation showed that this parasite exclusively infected Epinephelus groupers. Histopathologically, this species mainly infected the epithelium of intestine and kidney tubules and caused severe epithelia sloughing and the collapse of intestinal villus. Interestingly, this enteric myxosporidiosis did not cause severe emaciation of infected fish for mass mortality usually emerged within 2-3days after appearance of clinical signs. The species was most genetically related to Sphaerospora fugu (89% sequence identity) and phylogenetically positioned within marine Sphaerospora lineage. This is the first report of enteric sphaerosporosis of groupers.

Keywordenteric sphaerosporosis Epinephelus groupers myxosporea Sphaerospora
DOI10.1111/jfd.12766
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31772411] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31472296] ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund[2016TS17] ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province
WOS Research AreaFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Veterinary Sciences
WOS SubjectFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Veterinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000427012300010
WOS KeywordORANGE-SPOTTED GROUPER ; CULTURED TIGER PUFFER ; EMACIATION DISEASE ; TAKIFUGU-RUBRIPES ; RIBOSOMAL-RNA ; N. ; SCHLEGEL ; TEMMINCK ; HISTOPATHOLOGY ; IDENTIFICATION
PublisherWILEY
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Central Public-Interest Scientific Institution Basic Research Fund ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province ; Special Development Fund of Ocean and Fishery, Guangdong Province
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/29781
Collection鱼类生物学及渔业生物技术研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorZhang, J. Y.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Key Lab Aquaculture Dis Control, Huaian Res Ctr,Minist Agr,Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Fishery Sci, Key Lab Fishery Ecol & Environm, Guangdong Prov & Key Lab South China Sea Fishery, Minist Agr,South Chin Fisheries Res Inst, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, X. H.,Xu, L. W.,Luo, D.,et al. Outbreak of mass mortality of yearling groupers of Epinephelus (Perciformes, Serranidae) associated with the infection of a suspected new enteric Sphaerospora (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) species in South China Sea[J]. JOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES,2018,41(4):663-672.
APA Liu, X. H..,Xu, L. W..,Luo, D..,Zhao, Y. L..,Zhang, Q. Q..,...&Zhang, J. Y..(2018).Outbreak of mass mortality of yearling groupers of Epinephelus (Perciformes, Serranidae) associated with the infection of a suspected new enteric Sphaerospora (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) species in South China Sea.JOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES,41(4),663-672.
MLA Liu, X. H.,et al."Outbreak of mass mortality of yearling groupers of Epinephelus (Perciformes, Serranidae) associated with the infection of a suspected new enteric Sphaerospora (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) species in South China Sea".JOURNAL OF FISH DISEASES 41.4(2018):663-672.
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