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The greater roles of indigenous microorganisms in removing nitrobenzene from sediment compared with the exogenous Phragmites australis and strain JS45
Chi, Xiangqun1,2; Zhang, Yingying1; Wang, Daosheng1; Wang, Feihua1; Liang, Wei1
Corresponding AuthorLiang, Wei(wliang@ihb.ac.cn)
2018-02-01
Source PublicationFRONTIERS OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING
ISSN2095-2201
Volume12Issue:1Pages:11
AbstractThe feasibility of using Phragmites australis-JS45 system in removing nitrobenzene from sediments was conducted. However, it was observed that nitrobenzene degraded rapidly and was removed completely within 20 days in native sediments, raising the possibility that indigenous microorganisms may play important roles in nitrobenzene degradation. Consequently, this study aimed to verify this possibility and investigate the potential nitrobenzene degraders among indigenous microorganisms in sediments. The abundance of inoculated strain JS45 and indigenous bacteria in sediments was quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Furthermore, community structure of the indigenous bacteria was analyzed through high throughput sequencing based on Illumina MiSeq platform. The results showed that indigenous bacteria in native sediments were abundant, approximately 10(14) CFU/g dry weight, which is about six orders of magnitude higher than that in fertile soils. In addition, the levels of indigenous Proteobacteria (Acinetobacter, Comamonadaceae_uncultured, Pseudomonas, and Thauera) and Firmicutes (Clostridium, Sporacetigenium, Fusibacter, Youngiibacter, and Trichococcus) increased significantly during nitrobenzene removal. Their quantities sharply decreased after nitrobenzene was removed completely, except for Pseudomonas and Thauera. Based on the results, it can be concluded that indigenous microorganisms including Proteobacteria and Firmicutes can have great potential for removing nitrobenzene from sediments. Although P. australis-JS45 system was set up in an attempt to eliminate nitrobenzene from sediments, and the system did not meet the expectation. The findings still provide valuable information on enhancing nitrobenzene removal by optimizing the sediment conditions for better growth of indigenous Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. (C) Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018.
KeywordCommunity structure Indigenous microorganisms Nitrobenzene Plant-microbe associated remediation Sediment
DOI10.1007/s11783-018-1016-0
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEngineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000428398400006
WOS KeywordAMMONIA-OXIDIZING BACTERIA ; PSEUDOMONAS-PUTIDA ZWL73 ; CONTAMINATED SOIL ; PB IMMOBILIZATION ; BIOAUGMENTATION ; DEGRADATION ; COMMUNITIES ; POLLUTANTS ; BIODEGRADATION ; REMEDIATION
PublisherHIGHER EDUCATION PRESS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/29537
Collection水环境工程研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorLiang, Wei
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.BGI Qingdao, Qingdao 266555, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chi, Xiangqun,Zhang, Yingying,Wang, Daosheng,et al. The greater roles of indigenous microorganisms in removing nitrobenzene from sediment compared with the exogenous Phragmites australis and strain JS45[J]. FRONTIERS OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING,2018,12(1):11.
APA Chi, Xiangqun,Zhang, Yingying,Wang, Daosheng,Wang, Feihua,&Liang, Wei.(2018).The greater roles of indigenous microorganisms in removing nitrobenzene from sediment compared with the exogenous Phragmites australis and strain JS45.FRONTIERS OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING,12(1),11.
MLA Chi, Xiangqun,et al."The greater roles of indigenous microorganisms in removing nitrobenzene from sediment compared with the exogenous Phragmites australis and strain JS45".FRONTIERS OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING 12.1(2018):11.
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