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Chlorella additive increased growth performance, improved appetite and immune response of juvenile crucian carp Carassius auratus
Luo, Zhi1; Ye, Han-Mei1; Gao, Yan1; Ling, Shi-Cheng1; Wei, Chuan-Chuan1; Zhu, Xiaoming2
2018-10-01
Source PublicationAQUACULTURE RESEARCH
ISSN1355-557X
Volume49Issue:10Pages:3329-3337
Abstract

This study was designed to investigate effects of dietary Chlorella meal (CM) additive on growth performance, immune responses and appetite regulation of juvenile crucian carp Carassius auratus (initial body weight: 1.27 +/- 0.03 g). Four experimental diets were formulated to contain 0% (CMO), 1% (CM1), 2% (CM2) and 4% Chlorella meal (CM4), respectively. Each diet was randomly assigned to triplicate groups with 40 juvenile fish per fibreglass tank for 8 weeks. Weight gain rate, specific growth rate and feed intake increased with increasing dietary CM levels. In contrast, FCR (feed conversion rate) declined with dietary CM levels. No significant differences were observed in moisture, crude protein, crude lipid and ash contents of muscle and liver tissues. Dietary CM addition increased activities of acid and alkaline phosphatase in liver and kidney. Dietary CM up-regulated the mRNA expression levels of NKEF-B, MCHII and IgM in kidney, and increased the mRNA levels of NPY and agouti gene-related protein in the brain, but down-regulated mRNA levels of MC4R, LEP, LEPR, CART1, CART2 and CCK8 genes. Based on these observations above, this study indicated that dietary CM additive increased growth performance, immune responses and appetite of crucian carp. The results, for the first time, demonstrate a role for the central nervous system in the control of food intake in fish fed dietary Chlorella meal.

Keywordappetite regulation Carassius auratus Chlorella meal growth performance immunity
DOI10.1111/are.13797
Funding OrganizationSpecial Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectSpecial Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China[201303053]
WOS Research AreaFisheries
WOS SubjectFisheries
WOS IDWOS:000443545100009
WOS KeywordCATFISH PELTEOBAGRUS-FULVIDRACO ; DIETARY CELLULASE ADDITION ; MESSENGER-RNA EXPRESSION ; FOOD-INTAKE ; NEUROPEPTIDE-Y ; MELANOCORTIN-4 RECEPTOR ; FISH-MEAL ; TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATION ; MOLECULAR-CLONING ; IMMUNOGLOBULIN-M
PublisherWILEY
Funding OrganizationSpecial Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China ; Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest, China
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/29446
Collection淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorLuo, Zhi
Affiliation1.Huazhong Agr Univ, Fishery Coll, Minist Agr China, Key Lab Freshwater Anim Breeding, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Luo, Zhi,Ye, Han-Mei,Gao, Yan,et al. Chlorella additive increased growth performance, improved appetite and immune response of juvenile crucian carp Carassius auratus[J]. AQUACULTURE RESEARCH,2018,49(10):3329-3337.
APA Luo, Zhi,Ye, Han-Mei,Gao, Yan,Ling, Shi-Cheng,Wei, Chuan-Chuan,&Zhu, Xiaoming.(2018).Chlorella additive increased growth performance, improved appetite and immune response of juvenile crucian carp Carassius auratus.AQUACULTURE RESEARCH,49(10),3329-3337.
MLA Luo, Zhi,et al."Chlorella additive increased growth performance, improved appetite and immune response of juvenile crucian carp Carassius auratus".AQUACULTURE RESEARCH 49.10(2018):3329-3337.
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