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Effects of virgin microplastics on goldfish (Carassius auratus)
Jabeen, Khalida1; Li, Bowen1; Chen, Qiqing1; Su, Lei1; Wu, Chenxi2; Hollert, Henner3; Shi, Huahong1,4
Corresponding AuthorShi, Huahong(hhshi@des.ecnu.edu.cn)
2018-12-01
Source PublicationCHEMOSPHERE
ISSN0045-6535
Volume213Pages:323-332
AbstractMicroplastics (MPs) are abundant in freshwater and marine environments. They are diverse shape and size and are ingested by organisms. In this study, goldfish (Carassius auratus) were exposed via diet to three types of virgin MPs material types and shapes including fibers, fragments, and pellets. After six weeks of exposure, various sub-lethal effects, but no mortality, was observed. Fish exposed to plastic showed significant weight loss compared with the control. Fibers were found in the gills, gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and feces were not likely to accumulate in the GIT. Pronounced and severe alterations were found in the livers of fish exposed to fibers. The distal intestine showed more pronounced and severe changes compared to the proximal intestine, likely due to an intake of fibers. The ingestion of fibers caused the highest frequencies of progressive and inflammatory changes in the livers and intestines. This is in accordance with the higher organ index in these organs compared to other texa. Conversely, fragments and pellets were not ingested but chewed and expelled. Chewing process resulted in damages to the jaws as ranging from slight exfoliation to deep incisions. The highest frequency of regressive and circulatory (e.g., dilated sinusoids) changes was found in fish exposed to fragments, specifically in the upper and lower jaw, and in lower jaw and liver, respectively. Together, these results demonstrate that ingestion and chewing of MPs lead to damages in various organs and tissues of the gastrointestinal system, and suggest that different materials can have drastically different impacts on fish. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordMicroplastics Goldfish Exposure Chewing Ingestion Histopathology
DOI10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.09.031
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development[2016YFC1402204]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000448493700035
WOS KeywordENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING CHEMICALS ; CATFISH CLARIAS-GARIEPINUS ; ZEBRAFISH DANIO-RERIO ; 1ST EVIDENCE ; BIOMARKER RESPONSES ; OXIDATIVE STRESS ; RISK-ASSESSMENT ; PLASTIC DEBRIS ; NILE TILAPIA ; FISH
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development ; National Key Research and Development
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/29115
Collection水环境工程研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorShi, Huahong
Affiliation1.East China Normal Univ, State Key Lab Estuarine & Coastal Res, Shanghai 200062, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
3.Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Environm Res, Dept Ecosyst Anal, ABBt Aachen Biol & Biotechnol, 1 Worringerweg, D-52074 Aachen, Germany
4.East China Normal Univ, Inst Ecochongming, Shanghai 200062, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jabeen, Khalida,Li, Bowen,Chen, Qiqing,et al. Effects of virgin microplastics on goldfish (Carassius auratus)[J]. CHEMOSPHERE,2018,213:323-332.
APA Jabeen, Khalida.,Li, Bowen.,Chen, Qiqing.,Su, Lei.,Wu, Chenxi.,...&Shi, Huahong.(2018).Effects of virgin microplastics on goldfish (Carassius auratus).CHEMOSPHERE,213,323-332.
MLA Jabeen, Khalida,et al."Effects of virgin microplastics on goldfish (Carassius auratus)".CHEMOSPHERE 213(2018):323-332.
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