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The Possible Effects of High Vessel Traffic on the Physiological Parameters of the Critically Endangered Yangtze Finless Porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis ssp. asiaeorientails)
Nabi, Ghulam1,2; Hao, Yujiang1; McLaughlin, Richard William3; Wang, Ding1
Corresponding AuthorHao, Yujiang(hao.yj@ihb.ac.cn)
2018-11-28
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY
ISSN1664-042X
Volume9Pages:11
AbstractBackground: Poyang is the largest freshwater lake in China, where the acoustic environment and space for the critically endangered Yangtze finless porpoises (YFPs) has been altered by heavy vessel traffic and dredging activities. The density of vessel and the rate of dredging increases annually, especially in the area with the highest density of YFPs. The heavy vessel traffic can cause an increase in the physical activities and direct physical injuries to the YFPs. Furthermore, noise is a potent stressor to all cetaceans irrespective of age and can compromise all their physiological functions. The objective of this study was to examine the possible effects of heavy vessel traffic and dredging on the biochemistry, hematology, adrenal, thyroid, and reproductive hormones of two different YFP populations. One population was living in Poyang Lake and the second living in the Tian-E-Zhou Oxbow which is a semi-natural resserve. Results: The results showed statistically significantly higher levels of serum cortisol, fT3, fT4, and lowered testosterone in both adult and juvenile YFPs living in Poyang Lake vs. adult YFPs living in the Tian-E-Zhou Oxbow. The serum biochemical parameters (Aspartate Amino Transferase, Alkaline Phosphatase, High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, Globulin, Uric acid, Glucose, K+, and Amylase) and the hematology parameters (Red Blood Cells, Hematocrit, Mean Corpuscular Volume, White Blood Cells, and Eosinophils) were statistically significantly higher in the adult Poyang Lake YFPs vs. adult Tian-E-Zhou Oxbow YFPs. On the other hand, adult males of the Tian-E-Zhou Oxbow also showed significantly higher levels of the serum biochemical parameters (Total Cholesterol, Light Density Lipoprotein cholesterol, Direct Bilirubin, Albumin, Lactate Dehydrogenase, CO2, and Na+) and the blood parameters (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration). In Poyang Lake YFPs, various parameters showed significantly positive (fT4, amylase, neutrophil, Ca+2) or negative (total protein, lymphocyte) correlations with cortisol levels. Conclusions: The hyperactivity of adrenal glands in response to heavy vessel traffic and dredging resulted in significantly elevated cortisol levels in Poyang Lake YFPs. The higher cortisol level could possibly have affected various hormonal, hematological, and biochemical parameters, and ultimately the YFPs physiology.
Keywordacoustic pollution cortisol critically endangered stress thyroid Yangtze finless porpoise
DOI10.3389/fphys.2018.01665
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31430080]
WOS Research AreaPhysiology
WOS SubjectPhysiology
WOS IDWOS:000451674600001
WOS KeywordBOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHINS ; TURSIOPS-TRUNCATUS ; CIRCULATING LEVELS ; BELUGA WHALES ; TOUR BOATS ; STRESS ; HORMONE ; WILD ; RESPONSES ; EXERCISE
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
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Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/28992
Collection水生生物多样性与资源保护研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorHao, Yujiang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Gateway Tech Coll, Gen Studies, Kenosha, WI USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Nabi, Ghulam,Hao, Yujiang,McLaughlin, Richard William,et al. The Possible Effects of High Vessel Traffic on the Physiological Parameters of the Critically Endangered Yangtze Finless Porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis ssp. asiaeorientails)[J]. FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY,2018,9:11.
APA Nabi, Ghulam,Hao, Yujiang,McLaughlin, Richard William,&Wang, Ding.(2018).The Possible Effects of High Vessel Traffic on the Physiological Parameters of the Critically Endangered Yangtze Finless Porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis ssp. asiaeorientails).FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY,9,11.
MLA Nabi, Ghulam,et al."The Possible Effects of High Vessel Traffic on the Physiological Parameters of the Critically Endangered Yangtze Finless Porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis ssp. asiaeorientails)".FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY 9(2018):11.
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