To explore the changes of the zooplankton community in response to excessive interferences of anthro-pogenic eutrophication and aquaculture on aquatic ecosystem, we performed a survey to determine the variations in these communities in 100 eastern plain lakes of China in summer. Our results showed that when filter-feeding planktivorous fishes were in high yield, Rotifera and medium cladocera accounted for a large proportion of the community; when they were in low yield, small cladocera increased with the increased nutrient level. The detrended correspondence analysis demonstrated that planktivorous fish and cyanobacteria were important factors influencing the zooplankton community. The linear regression analysis showed that the fraction of Rotifera increased and Calanoida decreased with the increasing fish yield; the fraction of small cladocera increased with the increasing cyanobacteria. The results implied that zooplankton community succession was strengthened by the combined effects of planktivorous fish and cyanobacteria. The effects of filter-feeding planktivorous fish on zooplankton depend on the survival ability of different zooplankton species as well as the size. With the combined effects of planktivorous fish culture and eutrophication, the zooplankton community tend to be dominated by r-strategy species and good escape ability species. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Donghu Experimental Station of Lake Ecosystems
; Chinese Ecological Research Networks
; Chinese Academy of Sciences
; Lake water quality, water quantity and biological resources investigation in China(2006FY110600)