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Topographical distribution of blubber in finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis sunameri): a result from adapting to living in coastal waters
Zeng,Xianyuan1,2; Ji,Junhua1,2; Hao,Yujiang1; Wang,Ding1
Corresponding AuthorHao,Yujiang(hao.yj@ihb.ac.cn) ; Wang,Ding(wangd@ihb.ac.cn)
2015-02-12
Source PublicationZoological Studies
ISSN1810-522X
Volume54Issue:1
AbstractAbstractBackgroundBlubber has many functions, among which energy storage, thermoregulation, buoyancy, and hydrodynamic streamlining are the most frequently cited. Within and between taxa, variations in its structure and distribution likely reflect different adaptations of a species to its life history requirements, environment, health, and function. Here, we use ultrasound to describe the distribution of blubber in the finless porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis sunameri) based on examinations of 34 fresh cadavers recovered as accidental fisheries bycatch.ResultsMeasurements of blubber depth determined by ultrasound positively correlated with conventional measurements using a scalpel and calipers. Whereas conventional surgical incision and visual examination revealed two layers of blubber, ultrasound revealed up to three layers; thus, ultrasound reveals additional structural detail in blubber while crude necropsy techniques do not. Across life history categories, ultrasound revealed the distribution of inner blubber to be topographically consistent with that of full-depth blubber. Blubber in the dorsal region was stratified into three layers and was significantly thicker than that in the lateral and ventral regions, in which a middle layer was normally absent.ConclusionsUltrasound provides a fast, effective, and accurate means to determine blubber thickness and structure, and thus, assessment of the health of fresh finless porpoise carcasses. Blubber depth is determined largely by the thickness of the inner and middle layers, wherein lipids are concentrated. The thickening of blubber in the dorsal thoracic-abdominal region suggests multiple roles of thermal insulation, lipid storage, and, we speculate, to facilitate vertical stability in the complex shallow and estuarine waters in which this animal absent of a dorsal fin occurs.
KeywordBlubber distribution Finless porpoise Cetacean Postmortem Ultrasound imaging
DOI10.1186/s40555-015-0111-1
Language英语
WOS IDBMC:10.1186/s40555-015-0111-1
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/28579
Corresponding AuthorHao,Yujiang; Wang,Ding
Affiliation1.Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zeng,Xianyuan,Ji,Junhua,Hao,Yujiang,et al. Topographical distribution of blubber in finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis sunameri): a result from adapting to living in coastal waters[J]. Zoological Studies,2015,54(1).
APA Zeng,Xianyuan,Ji,Junhua,Hao,Yujiang,&Wang,Ding.(2015).Topographical distribution of blubber in finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis sunameri): a result from adapting to living in coastal waters.Zoological Studies,54(1).
MLA Zeng,Xianyuan,et al."Topographical distribution of blubber in finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis sunameri): a result from adapting to living in coastal waters".Zoological Studies 54.1(2015).
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