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A novel nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrid clone formed via androgenesis in polyploid gibel carp
Wang,Zhong-Wei; Zhu,Hua-Ping; Wang,Da; Jiang,Fang-Fang; Guo,Wei; Zhou,Li; Gui,Jian-Fang
Corresponding AuthorGui,Jian-Fang(jfgui@ihb.ac.cn)
2011-03-28
Source PublicationBMC Research Notes
ISSN1756-0500
Volume4Issue:1
AbstractAbstractBackgroundUnisexual vertebrates have been demonstrated to reproduce by gynogenesis, hybridogenesis, parthenogenesis, or kleptogenesis, however, it is uncertain how the reproduction mode contributes to the clonal diversity. Recently, polyploid gibel carp has been revealed to possess coexisting dual modes of unisexual gynogenesis and sexual reproduction and to have numerous various clones. Using sexual reproduction mating between clone D female and clone A male and subsequent 7 generation multiplying of unisexual gynogenesis, we have created a novel clone strain with more than several hundred millions of individuals. Here, we attempt to identify genetic background of the novel clone and to explore the significant implication for clonal diversity contribution.MethodsSeveral nuclear genome markers and one cytoplasmic marker, the mitochondrial genome sequence, were used to identify the genetic organization of the randomly sampled individuals from different generations of the novel clone.ResultsChromosome number, Cot-1 repetitive DNA banded karyotype, microsatellite patterns, AFLP profiles and transferrin alleles uniformly indicated that nuclear genome of the novel clone is identical to that of clone A, and significantly different from that of clone D. However, the cytoplasmic marker, its complete mtDNA genome sequence, is same to that of clone D, and different from that of clone A.ConclusionsThe present data indicate that the novel clone is a nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrid between the known clones A and D, because it originates from the offspring of gonochoristic sexual reproduction mating between clone D female and clone A male, and contains an entire nuclear genome from the paternal clone A and a mtDNA genome (cytoplasm) from the maternal clone D. It is suggested to arise via androgenesis by a mechanism of ploidy doubling of clone A sperm in clone D ooplasm through inhibiting the first mitotic division. Significantly, the selected nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrid female still maintains its gynogenetic ability. Based on the present and previous findings, we discuss the association of rapid genetic changes and high genetic diversity with various ploidy levels and multiple reproduction modes in several unisexual and sexual complexes of vertebrates and even other invertebrates.
DOI10.1186/1756-0500-4-82
Language英语
WOS IDBMC:10.1186/1756-0500-4-82
PublisherBioMed Central
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/28573
Corresponding AuthorGui,Jian-Fang
AffiliationInstitute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang,Zhong-Wei,Zhu,Hua-Ping,Wang,Da,et al. A novel nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrid clone formed via androgenesis in polyploid gibel carp[J]. BMC Research Notes,2011,4(1).
APA Wang,Zhong-Wei.,Zhu,Hua-Ping.,Wang,Da.,Jiang,Fang-Fang.,Guo,Wei.,...&Gui,Jian-Fang.(2011).A novel nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrid clone formed via androgenesis in polyploid gibel carp.BMC Research Notes,4(1).
MLA Wang,Zhong-Wei,et al."A novel nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrid clone formed via androgenesis in polyploid gibel carp".BMC Research Notes 4.1(2011).
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