IHB OpenIR  > 水环境工程研究中心
Enhanced degradation of pyrene and phenanthrene in sediments through synergistic interactions between microbial fuel cells and submerged macrophyte Vallisneria spiralis
Xu, Peng1; Xiao, Enrong2; Zeng, Lei3; He, Feng2; Wu, Zhenbin2
Corresponding AuthorXiao, Enrong(erxiao@ihb.ac.cn)
2019-05-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS
ISSN1439-0108
Volume19Issue:5Pages:2634-2649
AbstractPurpose Submerged macrophyte Vallisneria spiralis and sediment microbial fuel cell (SMFC) systems are cost-effective methods for the remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-polluted sediments. This study evaluates whether the combination of these two ecological approaches could further improve the removal efficiency of PAHs from sediments and investigates the possible mechanisms of removal. Materials and methods Sediments, macrophytes, electrodes, and plexiglass columns were used to construct an experimental microcosm. A 65-day comparative study was performed with six treatments as follows: SMFC without PAH (SMFC); PAH only (PAH); SMFC with PAH (SMFC-PAH); V. spiralis without PAH (macrophyte); V. spiralis with PAH (macrophyte-PAH); V. spiralis with SMFC and PAH (M-SMFC-PAH). Pyrene and phenanthrene were added to raw sediments to obtain initial PAH concentrations of 10 mgkg(-1) dry sediment. The monitored parameters were sediment oxidation-reduction potential (ORP); low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs) and Fe (II) concentrations in pore water; electron acceptor (sulfate and Fe (III)), humic acid (HA), and PAH concentrations in sediments; and plant morphology and root physiology. High-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing was also performed to assist mechanistic understanding. Results and discussion The M-SMFC-PAH treatment obtained the highest sediment ORP and PAH removal efficiency. The average ORP level in M-SMFC-PAH was increased by 57.2, 59.1, and 168.4 mV, compared with the SMFC-PAH, macrophyte-PAH, and PAH-only treatments, respectively, with a mean value of 121.7 mV observed during the whole experimental period. The pyrene (phenanthrene) dissipation ratios at the end of the experimental period were 29.1% (35.4%), 45.5% (56.3%), 59.8% (67.3%), and 79.4% (88.2%) for PAH only, SMFC-PAH, macrophyte-PAH, and M-SMFC-PAH treatments, respectively. The highest correlation was observed between PAH concentration and sediment ORP value, in the coupled M-SMFC-PAH system. Conclusions Results suggest that the interactions between the anode and rhizosphere of V. spiralis were synergistic during PAH removal. The coexistence of anodic and rhizospheric oxygen loss in sediments had a synergistic effect on PAH degradation. Plant presence facilitated the electrogenic degradation of PAHs. The inhibited growth of V. spiralis due to PAH toxicity was reduced by electrogenesis, thus facilitating the removal of vegetable PAHs from sediments. Coordinated growth of anaerobic and aerobic PAH degrading bacteria on the anode was a key factor in the optimal removal of PAHs in coupled systems.
KeywordDegrading bacteria Electrogenesis Sediment PAH remediation Synergistic interaction Toxicity Vallisneria spiralis
DOI10.1007/s11368-019-02247-0
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Plan of China[2016YFC0500403-03] ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[KFJ-STS-ZDTP-038]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Agriculture
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Soil Science
WOS IDWOS:000464836300043
WOS KeywordPOLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS ; FRESH-WATER SEDIMENTS ; WEIGHT ORGANIC-ACIDS ; ELECTRON-TRANSFER ; HARVESTING ELECTRICITY ; COMMUNITY STRUCTURE ; BIODEGRADATION ; PAHS ; BIOREMEDIATION ; BACTERIAL
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; National Key Research and Development Plan of China ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/27729
Collection水环境工程研究中心
Corresponding AuthorXiao, Enrong
Affiliation1.Wuhan Univ Technol, Coll Resources & Environm Engn, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
3.Cent & Southern China Municipal Engn Design & Res, Wuhan 430014, Hubei, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Xu, Peng,Xiao, Enrong,Zeng, Lei,et al. Enhanced degradation of pyrene and phenanthrene in sediments through synergistic interactions between microbial fuel cells and submerged macrophyte Vallisneria spiralis[J]. JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS,2019,19(5):2634-2649.
APA Xu, Peng,Xiao, Enrong,Zeng, Lei,He, Feng,&Wu, Zhenbin.(2019).Enhanced degradation of pyrene and phenanthrene in sediments through synergistic interactions between microbial fuel cells and submerged macrophyte Vallisneria spiralis.JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS,19(5),2634-2649.
MLA Xu, Peng,et al."Enhanced degradation of pyrene and phenanthrene in sediments through synergistic interactions between microbial fuel cells and submerged macrophyte Vallisneria spiralis".JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS 19.5(2019):2634-2649.
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