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题名: Flesh Shear Force, Cooking Loss, Muscle Antioxidant Status and Relative Expression of Signaling Molecules (Nrf2, Keap1, TOR, and CK2) and Their Target Genes in Young Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) Muscle Fed with Graded Levels of Choline
作者: Zhao, Hua-Fu1; Feng, Lin1, 2, 3; Jiang, Wei-Dan1, 2, 3; Liu, Yang1, 2, 3; Jiang, Jun1, 2, 3; Wu, Pei1, 2, 3; Zhao, Juan1; Kuang, Sheng-Yao4; Tang, Ling4; Tang, Wu-Neng4; Zhang, Yong-An5; Zhou, Xiao-Qiu1, 2, 3
刊名: PLOS ONE
发表日期: 2015-11-23
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142915
卷: 10, 期:11
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
类目[WOS]: Multidisciplinary Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Science & Technology - Other Topics
英文摘要: Six groups of grass carp (average weight 266.9 +/- 0.6 g) were fed diets containing 197, 385, 770, 1082, 1436 and 1795 mg choline/kg, for 8 weeks. Fish growth, and muscle nutrient (protein, fat and amino acid) content of young grass carp were significantly improved by appropriate dietary choline. Furthermore, muscle hydroxyproline concentration, lactate content and shear force were improved by optimum dietary choline supplementation. However, the muscle pH value, cooking loss and cathepsins activities showed an opposite trend. Additionally, optimum dietary choline supplementation attenuated muscle oxidative damage in grass carp. The muscle antioxidant enzyme (catalase and glutathione reductase did not change) activities and glutathione content were enhanced by optimum dietary choline supplementation. Muscle cooking loss was negatively correlated with antioxidant enzyme activities and glutathione content. At the gene level, these antioxidant enzymes, as well as the targets of rapamycin, casein kinase 2 and NF-E2-related factor 2 transcripts in fish muscle were always up-regulated by suitable choline. However, suitable choline significantly decreased Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 a (Keap1a) and Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 b (Keap1b) mRNA levels in muscle. In conclusion, suitable dietary choline enhanced fish flesh quality, and the decreased cooking loss was due to the elevated antioxidant status that may be regulated by Nrf2 signaling.
关键词[WOS]: TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS ; WATER-HOLDING CAPACITY ; COD GADUS-MORHUA ; ATLANTIC SALMON ; GROWTH-PERFORMANCE ; ENZYME-ACTIVITIES ; DIETARY CHOLINE ; JUVENILE JIAN ; VAR. JIAN ; VITAMIN-E
语种: 英语
项目资助者: National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2014CB138600) ; National Department Public Benefit Research Foundation (Agriculture) of China(201003020) ; Science and Technology Support Programme of Sichuan Province of China(2014NZ0003) ; Major Scientific and Technological Achievement Transformation Project of Sichuan Province of China(2012NC0007 ; Demonstration of Major Scientific and Technological Achievement Transformation Project of Sichuan Province of China(2015CC0011) ; Natural Science Foundation for Young Scientists of Sichuan Province(2014JQ0007) ; Sichuan Province Research Foundation for Basic Research(2013JY0082) ; 2013NC0045)
WOS记录号: WOS:000365853900046
ISSN号: 1932-6203
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/27450
Appears in Collections:水生生物分子与细胞生物学研究中心_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Sichuan Agr Univ, Inst Anim Nutr, Chengdu 611130, Peoples R China
2.Sichuan Agr Univ, Fish Nutr & Safety Prod Univ Key Lab Sichuan Prov, Chengdu 611130, Peoples R China
3.Sichuan Agr Univ, Key Lab Anim Dis Resistance Nutr, China Minist Educ, Chengdu 611130, Peoples R China
4.Sichuan Acad Anim Sci, Inst Anim Nutr, Chengdu 610066, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
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