Science & Technology
; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
In order to get insight into the impacts of UVC/H2O2 on Microcystis aeruginosa, physiological and morphological changes as well as toxicity were detected under different UVC/H2O2 treatments. In the presence of sole UVC or H2O2, the net oxygen evolution rate decreased significantly (p < 0.05) since activity of photosystem II (PSII) was inhibited. Meanwhile, increase of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), degradation of microcystin (MC) and ultrastructure destructions were observed. Under sole UVC treatment, no changes happened in the activity of photosystem I (PSI), but the degradation of D1 protein was observed. Under sole H2O2 treatment, an increase of malondialdehyde, aggregation of D1 protein and deformation of the thylakoid membrane were observed. ROS content under H2O2 treatment was about 5 times than that under UVC treatment. Combined use of UVC and H2O2, as well as 20 mJ cm(-2) UVC and 60 mu M H2O2, showed high synergetic effects. Obvious damage to membrane systems, the marked degradation of MC and inhibition of the photosystems were observed. It could be deduced that UVC worked on intracellular membrane components directly and the damaged oxygen-evolving complex, which was followed by the D1 protein degradation. H2O2 oxidised the membrane lipids via an ROS-mediated process, with thylakoid injury and the aggregation of D1 protein being the lethal mechanisms, and both PSII and PSI being the attacking targets. With regard towards the effective inactivation of M. aeruginosa and high removal of MC, UVC/H2O2 proposed a novel practical method in controlling cyanobacterial blooms. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Algal Biol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China 2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China 3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China