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Dietary arginine requirement for gibel carp (Carassis auratus gibelio var. CAS III) reduces with fish size from 50 g to 150 g associated with modulation of genes involved in TOR signaling pathway
Tu, Yongqin1,2; Xie, Shouqi1; Han, Dong1,3; Yang, Yunxia1; Jin, Junyan1; Zhu, Xiaoming1
2015-12-01
Source PublicationAQUACULTURE
ISSN0044-8486
Volume449Pages:37-47
AbstractA 56-day growth experiment was conducted in net cages to investigate the dietary arginine requirement in two sizes of gibel carp using diets containing casein and precoated crystalline amino acids (CAA) as the main protein sources. Six isonitrogenous and isoenergetic (310 g crude protein and 16.8 MJ gross energy kg(-1) dry matter) diets containing graded levels of arginine from 5.4 to 26.6 g kg(-1) dry matter were prepared. Triplicates of 30 fish (body weight 51.6 +/- 0.3 g) or 20 fish (body weight 147.8 +/- 0.5 g) were fed to apparent satiation with one of six experimental diets by hand four times a day. Specific growth rate (SGR) and feed efficiency (FE) significantly increased with the increase of dietary arginine levels from 5.4 to 17.6 g kg(-1) (small fish) or from 5.4 to 13.0 g kg(-1) (big fish), and thereafter, kept constant. In the fish of two sizes, with increasing of dietary arginine level, whole body and dorsal muscle protein content first significantly increased, and then reached a plateau or slightly declined. Protein retention efficiency (PRE) showed the same trend with protein content in big fish, but not in small fish. Muscle arginine contents markedly increased with increasing dietary arginine level in two sizes of fish. Growth hormone (GH), insulin like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and nitro oxide (NO) concentrations in plasma, and NO synthase (T-NOS), arginase activities in liver were affected by dietary arginine levels, while plasma ammonia, urea concentration and hepatic alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities had no significant differences in the fish of two sizes. TOR, S6K1 and IGF-ImRNA in liver ormuscle of 5.4 g kg(-1) group significantly down-regulated, but no differences were found for 4E-BP2 mRNA levels in the fish of two sizes. Pituitary GH mRNA significantly up-regulated with increasing dietary arginine level in small fish, but not in big fish. For the fish of two sizes, significant differences were found in all indices mentioned above except for plasma urea, hepatic ALT and AST. Broken-line regression analysis of SGR demonstrated that dietary arginine requirement for gibel carp of these two sizes were 16.4 (small fish) and 12.9 g kg(-1) (big fish) of dry matter, corresponding to 53 and 42 g kg(-1) of dietary protein, respectively. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordCarassius Auratus Gibelio Arginine Growth Performance Different Body Sizes Igf-i Tor
DOI10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.02.031
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Indexed BySCI
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China(2014CB138602) ; National Basic Research Program of China(2014CB138602) ; Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System(CARS-46-19) ; Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System(CARS-46-19) ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest(201003020 ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest(201003020 ; Fund Project in State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology(2011FBZ30) ; Fund Project in State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology(2011FBZ30) ; 201303053) ; 201303053) ; National Basic Research Program of China(2014CB138602) ; National Basic Research Program of China(2014CB138602) ; Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System(CARS-46-19) ; Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System(CARS-46-19) ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest(201003020 ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest(201003020 ; Fund Project in State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology(2011FBZ30) ; Fund Project in State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology(2011FBZ30) ; 201303053) ; 201303053)
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS SubjectFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS KeywordTROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS ; BASS DICENTRARCHUS-LABRAX ; SALMON SALMO-SALAR ; NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE ; TURBOT PSETTA-MAXIMA ; BREAM SPARUS-AURATA ; RAINBOW-TROUT ; AMINO-ACID ; LARGEMOUTH BASS ; MICROPTERUS-SALMOIDES
WOS IDWOS:000363483400006
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China(2014CB138602) ; National Basic Research Program of China(2014CB138602) ; Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System(CARS-46-19) ; Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System(CARS-46-19) ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest(201003020 ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest(201003020 ; Fund Project in State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology(2011FBZ30) ; Fund Project in State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology(2011FBZ30) ; 201303053) ; 201303053) ; National Basic Research Program of China(2014CB138602) ; National Basic Research Program of China(2014CB138602) ; Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System(CARS-46-19) ; Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System(CARS-46-19) ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest(201003020 ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest(201003020 ; Fund Project in State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology(2011FBZ30) ; Fund Project in State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology(2011FBZ30) ; 201303053) ; 201303053)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/27327
Collection淡水生态学研究中心
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
3.Freshwater Aquaculture Collaborat Innovat Ctr Hub, Wuhan 430070, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tu, Yongqin,Xie, Shouqi,Han, Dong,et al. Dietary arginine requirement for gibel carp (Carassis auratus gibelio var. CAS III) reduces with fish size from 50 g to 150 g associated with modulation of genes involved in TOR signaling pathway[J]. AQUACULTURE,2015,449:37-47.
APA Tu, Yongqin,Xie, Shouqi,Han, Dong,Yang, Yunxia,Jin, Junyan,&Zhu, Xiaoming.(2015).Dietary arginine requirement for gibel carp (Carassis auratus gibelio var. CAS III) reduces with fish size from 50 g to 150 g associated with modulation of genes involved in TOR signaling pathway.AQUACULTURE,449,37-47.
MLA Tu, Yongqin,et al."Dietary arginine requirement for gibel carp (Carassis auratus gibelio var. CAS III) reduces with fish size from 50 g to 150 g associated with modulation of genes involved in TOR signaling pathway".AQUACULTURE 449(2015):37-47.
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