Calcium nitrate and a lanthanum-modified bentonite (Phoslock(R)) were investigated for their ability to control the release of phosphorus from contaminated sediment. Their effectiveness and mode of action were assessed using microcosm experiments by monitoring the variation of physiochemical parameters and phosphorus and nitrogen species over time following the treatment for 66 days. Phoslock(R) was more effective reducing phosphorus in overlaying water and controlling its release from sediment. Calcium nitrate improved redox condition at the sediment-water interface and temporally reduce phosphorus in overlaying water but phosphorus level returned back in a long run. Phosphorus fractionation suggested that Phoslock(R) converted mobile phosphorus to more stable species while calcium nitrate increased the fractions of mobile phosphorus species. Phoslock(R) generally showed no effect on nitrogen species. Whereas calcium nitrate temporally increased nitrate, nitrite, and ammonium concentrations but their concentrations quickly reduced likely due to the denitrification process. Results suggested that Phoslock(R) can be more effective in controlling the release of phosphorus from sediment than calcium nitrate. However, calcium nitrate can improve the redox condition at the sediment-water interface, which may provide other benefits such as stimulating biodegradation.
; EUTROPHIC LAKE
; BINDING CLAY
1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China 2.Hangzhou Urban River Supervis Ctr, Hangzhou 310008, Zhejiang, Peoples R China 3.Southwest Univ Nationalities, Coll Chem & Environm Protect Engn, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China 4.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China