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Responses to fishmeal and soybean meal-based diets by three kinds of larval carps of different food habits
Wang, C.1,2; Zhu, X.1; Han, D.1,3; Jin, J.1; Yang, Y.1; Xie, S.1
2015-10-01
Source PublicationAQUACULTURE NUTRITION
ISSN1353-5773
Volume21Issue:5Pages:552-568
AbstractA 60-day trial was conducted in a recirculation system to determine the responses of herbivorous grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) (0.43 g), omnivorous gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio CAS III) (0.46 g) and carnivorous black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) (0.46 g) when fed with fishmeal (FM)- or soybean meal (SBM)-based diets. Two isonitrogenous (380 g kg(-1) DM), isolipid (80 g kg(-1) DM), isocaloric (17.75 kJ g(-1)) diets were formulated using FM and SBM as main protein sources. The results showed that weight gain (WG), feed efficiency (FE) and protein retention efficiency (PRE) in FM group were significantly higher than those in SBM group. Grass carp showed better utilization on SBM than other two species and presented higher WG, FE and PRE. When fed with SBM diet, intestinal chymotrypsin (CHY), lipase and trypsin (TRY) activities of gibel carp and black carp decreased while higher alpha-amylase (alpha-AMY) activity of grass carp increased. An enteritis-like effect was observed in black carp and grass carp fed SBM diet. Intestine bacteria mainly belonged to Firmicutes in gibel carp and Proteobacteria in black carp. The dominant genera identified in three species were Cellulomonas, belonging to Actinobacteria. In conclusion, SBM decreased the growth of three carps. Grass carp was more adapted to plant protein.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordCarassius Auratus Gibelio Ctenopharyngodon Idellus Fishmeal Larvae Mylopharyngodon Piceus Soybean Meal
DOI10.1111/anu.12192
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFisheries
WOS SubjectFisheries
WOS KeywordTROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS ; PLANT PROTEIN-SOURCES ; BREAM SPARUS-AURATA ; SALMON SALMO-SALAR ; GILTHEAD SEA BREAM ; GRADIENT GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS ; RAINBOW-TROUT ; DIGESTIVE ENZYMES ; ATLANTIC SALMON ; GROWTH-PERFORMANCE
WOS IDWOS:000360939200004
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/27194
Collection淡水生态学研究中心
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Freshwater Aquaculture Collaborat Innovat Ctr Hub, Wuhan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, C.,Zhu, X.,Han, D.,et al. Responses to fishmeal and soybean meal-based diets by three kinds of larval carps of different food habits[J]. AQUACULTURE NUTRITION,2015,21(5):552-568.
APA Wang, C.,Zhu, X.,Han, D.,Jin, J.,Yang, Y.,&Xie, S..(2015).Responses to fishmeal and soybean meal-based diets by three kinds of larval carps of different food habits.AQUACULTURE NUTRITION,21(5),552-568.
MLA Wang, C.,et al."Responses to fishmeal and soybean meal-based diets by three kinds of larval carps of different food habits".AQUACULTURE NUTRITION 21.5(2015):552-568.
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