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题名: Responses to fishmeal and soybean meal-based diets by three kinds of larval carps of different food habits
作者: Wang, C.1, 2; Zhu, X.1; Han, D.1, 3; Jin, J.1; Yang, Y.1; Xie, S.1
关键词: Carassius auratus gibelio ; Ctenopharyngodon idellus ; fishmeal ; larvae ; Mylopharyngodon piceus ; soybean meal
刊名: AQUACULTURE NUTRITION
发表日期: 2015-10-01
DOI: 10.1111/anu.12192
卷: 21, 期:5, 页:552-568
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: Fisheries
研究领域[WOS]: Fisheries
英文摘要: A 60-day trial was conducted in a recirculation system to determine the responses of herbivorous grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) (0.43 g), omnivorous gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio CAS III) (0.46 g) and carnivorous black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) (0.46 g) when fed with fishmeal (FM)- or soybean meal (SBM)-based diets. Two isonitrogenous (380 g kg(-1) DM), isolipid (80 g kg(-1) DM), isocaloric (17.75 kJ g(-1)) diets were formulated using FM and SBM as main protein sources. The results showed that weight gain (WG), feed efficiency (FE) and protein retention efficiency (PRE) in FM group were significantly higher than those in SBM group. Grass carp showed better utilization on SBM than other two species and presented higher WG, FE and PRE. When fed with SBM diet, intestinal chymotrypsin (CHY), lipase and trypsin (TRY) activities of gibel carp and black carp decreased while higher alpha-amylase (alpha-AMY) activity of grass carp increased. An enteritis-like effect was observed in black carp and grass carp fed SBM diet. Intestine bacteria mainly belonged to Firmicutes in gibel carp and Proteobacteria in black carp. The dominant genera identified in three species were Cellulomonas, belonging to Actinobacteria. In conclusion, SBM decreased the growth of three carps. Grass carp was more adapted to plant protein.
关键词[WOS]: TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS ; PLANT PROTEIN-SOURCES ; BREAM SPARUS-AURATA ; SALMON SALMO-SALAR ; GILTHEAD SEA BREAM ; GRADIENT GEL-ELECTROPHORESIS ; RAINBOW-TROUT ; DIGESTIVE ENZYMES ; ATLANTIC SALMON ; GROWTH-PERFORMANCE
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000360939200004
ISSN号: 1353-5773
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/27194
Appears in Collections:淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Freshwater Aquaculture Collaborat Innovat Ctr Hub, Wuhan, Peoples R China
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