Microcystis is a well-studied type of bloom-forming genus cyanobacteria that occurs as colonies in lakes. However, whenever Microcystis colonies are transferred to the laboratory, they always disaggregate into a unicellular form. The mechanism underlying this disaggregation of Microcystis colonies remains uncharacterized. Here, we report on the changes in morphology and the changes in the composition of the associated bacterial community of Microcystis wesenbergii colonies. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis (DGGE) showed that the diversity of the associated bacterial community decreased during the disaggregation of Microcystis colonies. Two gamma-Proteobacteria and one Bacteroidetes species from the mucilage of Microcystis colonies were not detected following colony disaggregation, suggesting that these species may influence Microcystis colony morphology. Solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME GC/MS) analysis revealed that seven of the forty-one extracellular compounds detected were exclusively present in the media of the Microcystis colony extracts; these compounds may be secreted by bacteria and may be a beneficial role in Microcystis colony maintenance. The results of this study indicate that changes in the composition of the bacterial community associated with Microcystis colonies are likely responsible for the disaggregation of these colonies in the laboratory. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
1.Chinese Acad Sci, Donghu Expt Stn Lake Ecosyst, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol China, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China 2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China 3.Huazhong Agr Univ, Coll Fisheries, Wuhan, Peoples R China