; Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
; Energy & Fuels
The aim of this study was to identify the most promising species as biodiesel feedstock for large-scale cultivation in north China. Eight species of microalgae, selected on the basis of indoor screening, were tested for lipid productivity and the suitability of their fatty acid profiles for biodiesel production under outdoor conditions. Among them, three species Desmodesmus sp. NMX451, Desmodesmus sp. T28-1 and Scenedesmus obtusus XJ-15 were selected for further characterization due to their possessing higher lipid productivities and favorable biodiesel properties. The best strain was S. obtusus XJ-15, with highest biomass productivity of 20.2 g m(-2) d(-1) and highest lipid content of 31.7% in a culture of 140 L. S. obtusus XJ-15 was further identified as the best candidate for liquid biofuel production, characterized by average areal growth rate of 23.8 g m(-2) d(-1) and stable lipid content of above 31.0% under a scale of 1400 L over a season. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.