Science & Technology
; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
SPMD-based virtual organisms (VOs) were employed for time-integrating, long-term sampling combined biological and chemical analyses for exposure assessment of hydrophobic organic pollutants (HOPs) in a drinking water reservoir, China. The SPMDs were deployed at four and five sites in the Danjiangkou (DJK) reservoir over two periods of 26 and 31 d to sequester the hydrophobic contaminants in water. The chosen bioassay response for the extracts of the SPMDs, the induction of 7-ethoxyresorufin-o-deethylase (EROD) was assayed using a rat hepatoma cell line (H4IIE). The known aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonists PAHs and PCBs were analyzed by HRGC/HRMS instrument. The cause-effect relationship between the observed AhR activities and chemical concentrations of detected AhR agonists was examined. The results show that the extracts from the SPMD samples could induce AhR activity significantly, whereas the chemically derived 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) equivalent (TEQ(cal)) was not correlated with the bioassay-derived TCDD equivalent (TEQ(bio)). The known AhR agonists could only account for 2-10% of the observed AhR responses among which the contribution of PCBs could almost be neglected. Unidentified AhR-active compounds represented a greater proportion of the TCDD equivalent (TCDD-EQ) in SPMD samples from DJK. Based on the first assessment, the VO followed by the combination of chemical and biological analyses emerges as a resource efficient water monitoring device in ecotoxicological assessment for toxicologically relevant compounds which are readily available for uptake by resident aquatic biota in drinking water resources. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
1.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China 2.Hubei Environm Monitoring Ctr StN, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China 3.German Res Ctr Environm Hlth GmbH, Helmholtz Ctr Munich, Mol EXpos MEX, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany 4.TIJM, Wissensch Zentrum Weihenstephan Fuer Ernaehrun &, Dept fuer Biowissensch Grundlagen, D-85350 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany 5.Acadia Univ, Dept Chem, Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6, Canada
Wang, Jingxian; Song, Guoqiang; Li, Aimin; Henkelmann, Bernhard; Pfister, Gerd; Tong, Anthony Z.; Schramm, Karl-Werner.Combined chemical and toxicological long-term monitoring for AhR agonists with SPMD-based virtual organisms in drinking water Danjiangkou Reservoir, China,CHEMOSPHERE,2014,():