Science & Technology
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The chemokine receptors CXCR1-3 bind to 11 chemokines (CXCL1-11) that are clustered on the same chromosome in mammals but are largely missing in ray-finned fish. A second CXCR1/2, and a CXCR3a and CXCR3b gene have been cloned in rainbow trout. Analysis of CXCR1-R3 genes in lobe-finned fish, ray-finned fish and tetrapod genomes revealed that the teleostomian ancestor likely possessed loci containing both OCCR1 and CXCR2, and CXCR3a and CXCR3b. Based on this synteny analysis the first trout CXCR1/2 gene was renamed CXCR1, and the new gene CXCR2. The CXCR1/R2 locus was shown to have further expanded in ray-finned fish. In relation to CXCR3, mammals appear to have lost CXCR3b and birds both CXCR3a and CXCR3b during evolution. Trout CXCR1-R3 have distinct tissue expression patterns and are differentially modulated by PAMPs, proinflammatory cytokines and infections. They are highly expressed in macrophages and neutrophils, with CXCR1 and CXCR2 also expressed in B-cells. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Sequence and expression analysis of rainbow trout CXCR2, CXCR3a and CXCR3b aids interpretation of lineage-specific conversion, loss and expansion of these receptors during vertebrate evolution.pdf（1902KB）
1.Univ Aberdeen, Scottish Fish Immunol Res Ctr, Sch Biol Sci, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, Scotland 2.Yangtze Univ, Sch Anim Sci, Jinzhou 434020, Hubei Province, Peoples R China 3.Shanghai Ocean Univ, Coll Fishery & Life Sci, Shanghai 201306, Peoples R China 4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei Province, Peoples R China
Xu, Qiaoqing; Li, Ronggai; Monte, Milena M.; Jiang, Yousheng; Nie, Pin; Holland, Jason W.; Secornbes, Chris J.; Wang, Tiehui.Sequence and expression analysis of rainbow trout CXCR2, CXCR3a and CXCR3b aids interpretation of lineage-specific conversion, loss and expansion of these receptors during vertebrate evolution,DEVELOPMENTAL AND COMPARATIVE IMMUNOLOGY,2014,():