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Quantifying the dietary potassium requirement of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)
Zhu, Wenhuan1; Liu, Mengmei1; Chen, Chen1; Wu, Fan1; Yang, Jixuan1; Tan, Qingsong1,2; Xie, Shouqi3; Liang, Xufang1,2; Tan, QS (reprint author), Huazhong Agr Univ, Coll Fisheries, Wuhan 430070, Peoples R China.
2014-06-20
Source PublicationAQUACULTURE
ISSN0044-8486
Volume430Pages:218-223
AbstractA growth trial lasting for 12 weeks was conducted in a semi flow-through system to determine the dietary potassium requirement of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) with an initial body weight of 4.8 g. Seven isonitrogenous and isoenergetic semi-purified diets were compounded with different dietary potassium levels: 1.50, 2.32, 3.28, 5.30, 7.12, 9.45 and 10.44 g kg(-1) diet. The results showed that specific growth rate and feed efficiency of grass carp were significantly (P < 0.05) affected by dietary potassium level, the highest value of specific growth rate was in 5.30 g kg(-1) group and feed efficiency values in 5.30, 7.12 and 9.45 g kg(-1) groups were significantly higher than those in the other groups. The survival rate of grass carp in the present study was not affected by dietary potassium level (P > 0.05). The Na+-K+ ATPase activity value in the gills varied significantly (P < 0.05) with dietary potassium level and showed an increasing and then decreasing trend, and the highest value was in the 7.12 g kg(-1) group. Dietary potassium level showed significant (P < 0.05) effect on serum SOD, ALP and AST activities. SOD and ALP activities increased and then decreased as potassium level increased, while AST decreased first and then increased. Serum TP and TC contents increased and then decreased with potassium level (P < 0.05). TG, ALT and BUN were not affected by dietary potassium level (P > 0.05). Body potassium and moisture contents increased and lipid content decreased with dietary potassium content, while ash content in fish body increased first and then decreased as potassium content increased (P < 0.05). Body protein in the 10.44 g kg(-1) group was significantly lowered (P < 0.05). However, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and sodium contents in dry matter were not affected by dietary potassium level. When the potassium content of water was 1.86-3.10 mg L-1, judging from the polynomial regression analysis for the specific growth rate of fish and the Na+-K+ ATPase activity in the gill, and the broken-line analysis for body potassium content, the optimal dietary potassium content for juvenile grass carp was 4.65, 7.27 and 5.98 g kg(-1) diet respectively. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; A growth trial lasting for 12 weeks was conducted in a semi flow-through system to determine the dietary potassium requirement of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) with an initial body weight of 4.8 g. Seven isonitrogenous and isoenergetic semi-purified diets were compounded with different dietary potassium levels: 1.50, 2.32, 3.28, 5.30, 7.12, 9.45 and 10.44 g kg(-1) diet. The results showed that specific growth rate and feed efficiency of grass carp were significantly (P < 0.05) affected by dietary potassium level, the highest value of specific growth rate was in 5.30 g kg(-1) group and feed efficiency values in 5.30, 7.12 and 9.45 g kg(-1) groups were significantly higher than those in the other groups. The survival rate of grass carp in the present study was not affected by dietary potassium level (P > 0.05). The Na+-K+ ATPase activity value in the gills varied significantly (P < 0.05) with dietary potassium level and showed an increasing and then decreasing trend, and the highest value was in the 7.12 g kg(-1) group. Dietary potassium level showed significant (P < 0.05) effect on serum SOD, ALP and AST activities. SOD and ALP activities increased and then decreased as potassium level increased, while AST decreased first and then increased. Serum TP and TC contents increased and then decreased with potassium level (P < 0.05). TG, ALT and BUN were not affected by dietary potassium level (P > 0.05). Body potassium and moisture contents increased and lipid content decreased with dietary potassium content, while ash content in fish body increased first and then decreased as potassium content increased (P < 0.05). Body protein in the 10.44 g kg(-1) group was significantly lowered (P < 0.05). However, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and sodium contents in dry matter were not affected by dietary potassium level. When the potassium content of water was 1.86-3.10 mg L-1, judging from the polynomial regression analysis for the specific growth rate of fish and the Na+-K+ ATPase activity in the gill, and the broken-line analysis for body potassium content, the optimal dietary potassium content for juvenile grass carp was 4.65, 7.27 and 5.98 g kg(-1) diet respectively. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordGrass Carp Potassium Sgr Blood Biochemical Indices Body Composition na+-k+ Atpase
Department[Zhu, Wenhuan ; Liu, Mengmei ; Chen, Chen ; Wu, Fan ; Yang, Jixuan ; Tan, Qingsong ; Liang, Xufang] Huazhong Agr Univ, Coll Fisheries, Wuhan 430070, Peoples R China ; [Tan, Qingsong ; Liang, Xufang] Minist Agr, Key Lab Freshwater Anim Breeding, Beijing, Peoples R China ; [Xie, Shouqi] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
DOI10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.04.014
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Funding OrganizationSpecial Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS SubjectFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS IDWOS:000336564900030
WOS KeywordBLOOD-CHEMISTRY ; LITOPENAEUS-VANNAMEI ; GROWTH ; SHRIMP ; FISH ; SALMONIDS ; SALINITY ; ATPASE ; NA
Funding OrganizationSpecial Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020]
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/20004
Collection淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorTan, QS (reprint author), Huazhong Agr Univ, Coll Fisheries, Wuhan 430070, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Huazhong Agr Univ, Coll Fisheries, Wuhan 430070, Peoples R China
2.Minist Agr, Key Lab Freshwater Anim Breeding, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Wenhuan,Liu, Mengmei,Chen, Chen,et al. Quantifying the dietary potassium requirement of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)[J]. AQUACULTURE,2014,430:218-223.
APA Zhu, Wenhuan.,Liu, Mengmei.,Chen, Chen.,Wu, Fan.,Yang, Jixuan.,...&Tan, QS .(2014).Quantifying the dietary potassium requirement of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus).AQUACULTURE,430,218-223.
MLA Zhu, Wenhuan,et al."Quantifying the dietary potassium requirement of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)".AQUACULTURE 430(2014):218-223.
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