IHB OpenIR  > 水生生物多样性与资源保护研究中心  > 期刊论文
The Yangtze finless porpoise: On an accelerating path to extinction?
Mei, Zhigang1; Zhang, Xinqiao1,2,3; Huang, Shiang-Lin1; Zhao, Xiujiang4; Hao, Yujiang1; Zhang, Lin1; Qian, Zhengyi1; Zheng, Jinsong1; Wang, Kexiong1; Wang, Ding1; Wang, KX (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China.
2014-04-01
Source PublicationBIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION
ISSN0006-3207
Volume172Issue:-Pages:117-123
AbstractFor the conservation of endangered animals to be effective, information on population distribution and abundance requires regular updating from census efforts. The Yangtze finless porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis) has recently been reclassified as critically endangered (CR) due to a rapid decline in abundance. Baseline measures currently used for identifying extinction risk and implementing conservation actions may lag behind the actual demographic trend of a population and, thus, should be updated frequently. In this study, we report the results of a line transect survey of porpoises conducted in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in 2012. Five hundred and five porpoises (95% CI = 348 to 662, CV = 15.86%) remain in the main stem of the Yangtze River, mostly concentrated between Ezhou and Zhenjiang. Our results reveal that the decline in the Yangtze finless porpoise population is more rapid than previously estimated. The porpoise distribution has become more restricted and fragmented with two new gaps in their distribution. We show that the extinction risk for the Yangtze finless porpoise population has increased substantially and, hence, the expected time to extinction has moved closer. Current conservation methods are insufficient and ineffective, and need to be revised. More active conservation actions, such as enforcing year-long fishing bans in the in situ reserves and building more ex situ reserves, should be implemented urgently. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; For the conservation of endangered animals to be effective, information on population distribution and abundance requires regular updating from census efforts. The Yangtze finless porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis) has recently been reclassified as critically endangered (CR) due to a rapid decline in abundance. Baseline measures currently used for identifying extinction risk and implementing conservation actions may lag behind the actual demographic trend of a population and, thus, should be updated frequently. In this study, we report the results of a line transect survey of porpoises conducted in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in 2012. Five hundred and five porpoises (95% CI = 348 to 662, CV = 15.86%) remain in the main stem of the Yangtze River, mostly concentrated between Ezhou and Zhenjiang. Our results reveal that the decline in the Yangtze finless porpoise population is more rapid than previously estimated. The porpoise distribution has become more restricted and fragmented with two new gaps in their distribution. We show that the extinction risk for the Yangtze finless porpoise population has increased substantially and, hence, the expected time to extinction has moved closer. Current conservation methods are insufficient and ineffective, and need to be revised. More active conservation actions, such as enforcing year-long fishing bans in the in situ reserves and building more ex situ reserves, should be implemented urgently. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordYangtze Finless Porpoise Census Line Transect Survey Population Abundance Intrinsic Rate Of Increase Extinction Risk
Department[Mei, Zhigang; Zhang, Xinqiao; Huang, Shiang-Lin; Hao, Yujiang; Zhang, Lin; Qian, Zhengyi; Zheng, Jinsong; Wang, Kexiong; Wang, Ding] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Aquat Biodivers & Conservat, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; [Zhang, Xinqiao] Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China; [Zhang, Xinqiao] WWF China, Beijing 100006, Peoples R China; [Zhao, Xiujiang] China Three Gorges Corp, Beijing 100038, Peoples R China
DOI10.1016/j.biocon.2014.02.033
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China [31170501, 31070347]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-EW-Z-4]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201203086] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [31170501, 31070347]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-EW-Z-4]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201203086] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [31170501, 31070347]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-EW-Z-4]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201203086] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [31170501, 31070347]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-EW-Z-4]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201203086]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectBiodiversity Conservation ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000336337800014
WOS KeywordFRESH-WATER CETACEAN ; POPULATION DECLINE ; CONSERVATION ; RIVER ; ABUNDANCE ; HABITATS
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China [31170501, 31070347]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-EW-Z-4]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201203086] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [31170501, 31070347]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-EW-Z-4]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201203086] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [31170501, 31070347]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-EW-Z-4]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201203086] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [31170501, 31070347]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-EW-Z-4]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201203086]
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/19995
Collection水生生物多样性与资源保护研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWang, KX (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Aquat Biodivers & Conservat, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
3.WWF China, Beijing 100006, Peoples R China
4.China Three Gorges Corp, Beijing 100038, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Mei, Zhigang,Zhang, Xinqiao,Huang, Shiang-Lin,et al. The Yangtze finless porpoise: On an accelerating path to extinction?[J]. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION,2014,172(-):117-123.
APA Mei, Zhigang.,Zhang, Xinqiao.,Huang, Shiang-Lin.,Zhao, Xiujiang.,Hao, Yujiang.,...&Wang, KX .(2014).The Yangtze finless porpoise: On an accelerating path to extinction?.BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION,172(-),117-123.
MLA Mei, Zhigang,et al."The Yangtze finless porpoise: On an accelerating path to extinction?".BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 172.-(2014):117-123.
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