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题名: Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant responses in zebrafish brain induced by Aphanizomenon flos-aquae DC-1 aphantoxins
作者: Zhang, De Lu1; Hu, Chun Xiang2; Li, Dun Hai2; Liu, Yong Ding2
通讯作者: Hu, CX (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Algal Biol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China.
关键词: Danio rerio ; Neurotoxicity ; Antioxidant enzymes ; Malondialdehyde ; Reactive oxygen species ; Reduced glutathione
刊名: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY
发表日期: 2013-11-15
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2013.10.011
卷: 144, 页:250-256
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: [Zhang, De Lu] Wuhan Univ Technol, Coll Sci, Dept Lifesci & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430070, Peoples R China ; [Hu, Chun Xiang ; Li, Dun Hai ; Liu, Yong Ding] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Algal Biol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
资助者: National High-Tech Research and Development Program of China [2013AA065804]; National Basic Research Programs of China [2008CB418001]
摘要: Aphanizomenon flos-aquae is a cyanobacterium that is frequently encountered in eutrophic waters worldwide. It is source of neurotoxins known as aphantoxins or paralytic shellfish poisons (PSPs), which present a major threat to the environment and human health. The molecular mechanism of PSP action is known, however the in vivo effects of this neurotoxin on oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and the antioxidant defense responses in zebrafish brain remain to be understood. Aphantoxins purified from a natural isolate of A. flos-aquae DC-1 were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography. The major components of the toxins were gonyautoxins 1 and 5 (GTX1 and GTX5, 34.04% and 21.28%, respectively) and neosaxitoxin (neoSTX, 12.77%). Zebrafish (Danio rerio) were injected intraperitoneally with 7.73 mu g/kg (low dose) and 11.13 mu g/kg (high dose) of A. flos-aquae DC-1 aphantoxins. Oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense responses in the zebrafish brain were investigated at various timepoints at 1-24 h post-exposure. Aphantoxin exposure was associated with significantly increased (>1-2 tidies) reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in zebrafish brain compared with the controls at 1-12 h postexposure, suggestive of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. In contrast, reduced glutathione (GSH) levels in the zebrafish brain exposed to high or low doses of aphantoxins decreased by 44.88% and 41.33%, respectively, after 1-12 h compared with the controls, suggesting that GSH participated in detoxification to ROS and MDA. Further analysis showed a significant increase in the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) compared with the controls, suggesting elimination of oxidative stress by the antioxidant response in zebrafish brain. All these changes were dose and time dependent. These results suggested that aphantoxins or PSPs increased ROS and MDA and decreased GSH in zebrafish brain, and these changes induced oxidative stress. The increased activity of SOD, CAT and GPx demonstrated that these antioxidant enzymes could play important roles in eliminating excess ROS and MDA. These results also suggest that MDA, ROS, GSH and these three antioxidant enzymes in the brain of zebrafish may act as bioindicators for investigating A. flos-aquae DC-1 aphantoxins or PSPs and algal blooms in nature. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
英文摘要: Aphanizomenon flos-aquae is a cyanobacterium that is frequently encountered in eutrophic waters worldwide. It is source of neurotoxins known as aphantoxins or paralytic shellfish poisons (PSPs), which present a major threat to the environment and human health. The molecular mechanism of PSP action is known, however the in vivo effects of this neurotoxin on oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and the antioxidant defense responses in zebrafish brain remain to be understood. Aphantoxins purified from a natural isolate of A. flos-aquae DC-1 were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography. The major components of the toxins were gonyautoxins 1 and 5 (GTX1 and GTX5, 34.04% and 21.28%, respectively) and neosaxitoxin (neoSTX, 12.77%). Zebrafish (Danio rerio) were injected intraperitoneally with 7.73 mu g/kg (low dose) and 11.13 mu g/kg (high dose) of A. flos-aquae DC-1 aphantoxins. Oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense responses in the zebrafish brain were investigated at various timepoints at 1-24 h post-exposure. Aphantoxin exposure was associated with significantly increased (>1-2 tidies) reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in zebrafish brain compared with the controls at 1-12 h postexposure, suggestive of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. In contrast, reduced glutathione (GSH) levels in the zebrafish brain exposed to high or low doses of aphantoxins decreased by 44.88% and 41.33%, respectively, after 1-12 h compared with the controls, suggesting that GSH participated in detoxification to ROS and MDA. Further analysis showed a significant increase in the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) compared with the controls, suggesting elimination of oxidative stress by the antioxidant response in zebrafish brain. All these changes were dose and time dependent. These results suggested that aphantoxins or PSPs increased ROS and MDA and decreased GSH in zebrafish brain, and these changes induced oxidative stress. The increased activity of SOD, CAT and GPx demonstrated that these antioxidant enzymes could play important roles in eliminating excess ROS and MDA. These results also suggest that MDA, ROS, GSH and these three antioxidant enzymes in the brain of zebrafish may act as bioindicators for investigating A. flos-aquae DC-1 aphantoxins or PSPs and algal blooms in nature. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: PARALYTIC SHELLFISH TOXINS ; OXIDATIVE STRESS RESPONSES ; MICROCYSTIN-LR ; CYANOBACTERIAL TOXINS ; OREOCHROMIS-NILOTICUS ; LABORATORY CONDITIONS ; DISSOLVED SAXITOXIN ; ATRAZINE EXPOSURE ; FREE-RADICALS ; LAKE DIANCHI
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000330817200026
ISSN号: 0166-445X
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/19985
Appears in Collections:藻类生物学及应用研究中心_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Wuhan Univ Technol, Coll Sci, Dept Lifesci & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430070, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Algal Biol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Zhang, De Lu; Hu, Chun Xiang; Li, Dun Hai; Liu, Yong Ding.Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant responses in zebrafish brain induced by Aphanizomenon flos-aquae DC-1 aphantoxins,AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY,2013,144():250-256
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