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题名: Mitochondrial Genome of the Freshwater Jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbyi and Phylogenetics of Medusozoa
作者: Zou, Hong1, 2, 3; Zhang, Jin1, 2, 3; Li, Wenxiang1, 2; Wu, Shangong1, 2; Wang, Guitang1, 2
通讯作者: Wang, GT (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Aquat Biodivers & Conservat, Wuhan, Hubei Province, Peoples R China.
关键词: CLASS-LEVEL RELATIONSHIPS ; PHYLUM-CNIDARIA ; EVOLUTION ; HYDROZOA ; SEQUENCE ; LANKESTER ; INSIGHTS ; MEDUSAE ; MODELS ; TAXA
刊名: PLOS ONE
发表日期: 2012-12-11
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051465
卷: 7, 期:12, 页:e51465
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: [Zou, Hong ; Zhang, Jin ; Li, Wenxiang ; Wu, Shangong ; Wang, Guitang] Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Aquat Biodivers & Conservat, Wuhan, Hubei Province, Peoples R China ; [Zou, Hong ; Zhang, Jin ; Li, Wenxiang ; Wu, Shangong ; Wang, Guitang] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan, Hubei Province, Peoples R China ; [Zou, Hong ; Zhang, Jin] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing, Peoples R China
WOS标题词: Science & Technology
资助者: National Technology System for Conventional Freshwater Fish Industries [CARS-46-08]; National Program on Key Basic Research Project [2009CB118705]
类目[WOS]: Multidisciplinary Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Science & Technology - Other Topics
摘要: The 17,922 base pairs (bp) nucleotide sequence of the linear mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) molecule of the freshwater jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbyi (Hydrozoa, Trachylina, Limnomedusae) has been determined. This sequence exhibits surprisingly low A+T content (57.1%), containing genes for 13 energy pathway proteins, a small and a large subunit rRNAs, and methionine and tryptophan tRNAs. Mitochondrial ancestral medusozoan gene order (AMGO) was found in the C. sowerbyi, as those found in Cubaia aphrodite (Hydrozoa, Trachylina, Limnomedusae), discomedusan Scyphozoa and Staurozoa. The genes of C. sowerbyi mtDNA are arranged in two clusters with opposite transcriptional polarities, whereby transcription proceeds toward the ends of the DNA molecule. Identical inverted terminal repeats (ITRs) flank the ends of the mitochondrial DNA molecule, a characteristic typical of medusozoans. In addition, two open reading frames (ORFs) of 354 and 1611 bp in length were found downstream of the large subunit rRNA gene, similar to the two ORFs of ORF314 and polB discovered in the linear mtDNA of C. aphrodite, discomedusan Scyphozoa and Staurozoa. Phylogenetic analyses of C. sowerbyi and other cnidarians were carried out based on both nucleotide and inferred amino acid sequences of the 13 mitochondrial energy pathway genes. Our working hypothesis supports the monophyletic Medusozoa being a sister group to Octocorallia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa). Within Medusozoa, the phylogenetic analysis suggests that Staurozoa may be the earliest diverging class and the sister group of all other medusozoans. Cubozoa and coronate Scyphozoa form a clade that is the sister group of Hydrozoa plus discomedusan Scyphozoa. Hydrozoa is the sister group of discomedusan Scyphozoa. Semaeostomeae is a paraphyletic clade with Rhizostomeae, while Limnomedusae (Trachylina) is the sister group of hydroidolinans and may be the earliest diverging lineage among Hydrozoa.
英文摘要: The 17,922 base pairs (bp) nucleotide sequence of the linear mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) molecule of the freshwater jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbyi (Hydrozoa, Trachylina, Limnomedusae) has been determined. This sequence exhibits surprisingly low A+T content (57.1%), containing genes for 13 energy pathway proteins, a small and a large subunit rRNAs, and methionine and tryptophan tRNAs. Mitochondrial ancestral medusozoan gene order (AMGO) was found in the C. sowerbyi, as those found in Cubaia aphrodite (Hydrozoa, Trachylina, Limnomedusae), discomedusan Scyphozoa and Staurozoa. The genes of C. sowerbyi mtDNA are arranged in two clusters with opposite transcriptional polarities, whereby transcription proceeds toward the ends of the DNA molecule. Identical inverted terminal repeats (ITRs) flank the ends of the mitochondrial DNA molecule, a characteristic typical of medusozoans. In addition, two open reading frames (ORFs) of 354 and 1611 bp in length were found downstream of the large subunit rRNA gene, similar to the two ORFs of ORF314 and polB discovered in the linear mtDNA of C. aphrodite, discomedusan Scyphozoa and Staurozoa. Phylogenetic analyses of C. sowerbyi and other cnidarians were carried out based on both nucleotide and inferred amino acid sequences of the 13 mitochondrial energy pathway genes. Our working hypothesis supports the monophyletic Medusozoa being a sister group to Octocorallia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa). Within Medusozoa, the phylogenetic analysis suggests that Staurozoa may be the earliest diverging class and the sister group of all other medusozoans. Cubozoa and coronate Scyphozoa form a clade that is the sister group of Hydrozoa plus discomedusan Scyphozoa. Hydrozoa is the sister group of discomedusan Scyphozoa. Semaeostomeae is a paraphyletic clade with Rhizostomeae, while Limnomedusae (Trachylina) is the sister group of hydroidolinans and may be the earliest diverging lineage among Hydrozoa.
关键词[WOS]: CLASS-LEVEL RELATIONSHIPS ; PHYLUM-CNIDARIA ; EVOLUTION ; HYDROZOA ; SEQUENCE ; LANKESTER ; INSIGHTS ; MEDUSAE ; MODELS ; TAXA
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000312290800064
ISSN号: 1932-6203
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/19315
Appears in Collections:鱼类生物学及渔业生物技术研究中心_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Aquat Biodivers & Conservat, Wuhan, Hubei Province, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan, Hubei Province, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Zou, H; Zhang, J; Li, WX; Wu, SG; Wang, GT.Mitochondrial Genome of the Freshwater Jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbyi and Phylogenetics of Medusozoa,PLOS ONE,2012,7(12):e51465
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