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Effects of lateral morphology on swimming performance in two sturgeon species
Qu, Y.1,3; Duan, M.1,2; Yan, J.1,3; Feng, G.1; Liu, J.1; Zhang, L.1; Zhuang, P.1,3; Duan, M (reprint author), Chinese Acad Fishery Sci, Key & Open Lab Marine & Estuarine Fisheries Resou, Minist Agr, East China Sea Fisheries Res Inst, Shanghai 200090, Peoples R China.
2013-04-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY
ISSN0175-8659
Volume29Issue:2Pages:310-315
AbstractFish express a high degree of diversity in morphology, which is closely related to behaviors such as swimming ability. The effect of morphology on swimming performance is explored using geometric morphometric analyses and classic critical swimming speed (Ucrit) tests in Chinese sturgeon Acipenser sinensis and Siberian sturgeon A.baerii. It was found that A.sinensis is a stronger swimmer compared to A.baerii, with an average 25% higher Ucrit (expressed in body lengths per second). In A.sinensis, the depth and length of the snout and the trailing edge length of the dorsal fin were negatively correlated with Ucrit, whereas the height of the trunk anterior, the leading edge length of the dorsal fin and anal fin, and the length and width of the ventral lobe were positively related to Ucrit; similar relationships between Ucrit and morphological characters of the anterior trunk, dorsal fin, anal fin and caudal fin were found in A.baerii. Moreover, although the degree of upward bending of the snout of A.baerii was negatively related to Ucrit, there was a positive relationship between the length of the caudal peduncle and Ucrit as well as between the dorsal tail lobe and Ucrit. In addition, the streamline index (SI) was calculated by comparing landmark coordinates on the trunk displayed in the relative warp, with its corresponding point on the NACA (the U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) airfoil shape. SI showed that the body shape in RW1 of the A.baerii with more swimming capacity was more approximate to the NACA 0016 airfoil shape, but there was no such symmetry for A.sinensis, possibly due to body bending caused by stiffness.; Fish express a high degree of diversity in morphology, which is closely related to behaviors such as swimming ability. The effect of morphology on swimming performance is explored using geometric morphometric analyses and classic critical swimming speed (Ucrit) tests in Chinese sturgeon Acipenser sinensis and Siberian sturgeon A.baerii. It was found that A.sinensis is a stronger swimmer compared to A.baerii, with an average 25% higher Ucrit (expressed in body lengths per second). In A.sinensis, the depth and length of the snout and the trailing edge length of the dorsal fin were negatively correlated with Ucrit, whereas the height of the trunk anterior, the leading edge length of the dorsal fin and anal fin, and the length and width of the ventral lobe were positively related to Ucrit; similar relationships between Ucrit and morphological characters of the anterior trunk, dorsal fin, anal fin and caudal fin were found in A.baerii. Moreover, although the degree of upward bending of the snout of A.baerii was negatively related to Ucrit, there was a positive relationship between the length of the caudal peduncle and Ucrit as well as between the dorsal tail lobe and Ucrit. In addition, the streamline index (SI) was calculated by comparing landmark coordinates on the trunk displayed in the relative warp, with its corresponding point on the NACA (the U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics) airfoil shape. SI showed that the body shape in RW1 of the A.baerii with more swimming capacity was more approximate to the NACA 0016 airfoil shape, but there was no such symmetry for A.sinensis, possibly due to body bending caused by stiffness.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordOscillating Foils Heterocercal Tail Fish Locomotion Sockeye Salmon Rainbow-trout Morphometrics Revolution Amplitude Patterns Sharks
Department[Qu, Y. ; Duan, M. ; Yan, J. ; Feng, G. ; Liu, J. ; Zhang, L. ; Zhuang, P.] Chinese Acad Fishery Sci, Key & Open Lab Marine & Estuarine Fisheries Resou, Minist Agr, East China Sea Fisheries Res Inst, Shanghai 200090, Peoples R China ; [Duan, M.] Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Biodivers & Conservat Aquat Organisms, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan, Peoples R China ; [Qu, Y. ; Yan, J. ; Zhuang, P.] Shanghai Ocean Univ, Coll Fisheries & Life Sci, Shanghai, Peoples R China
DOI10.1111/jai.12131
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Funding OrganizationDevelopment Plan of the State Key Fundamental Research of China [2010CB429005]; MWR of China [201201028-02]; Special Research Fund for the National Non-profit Institutes of China [ECSFRI 2009M04]; Shanghai Post-doctoral Scientific Program [10R21420500] ; Development Plan of the State Key Fundamental Research of China [2010CB429005]; MWR of China [201201028-02]; Special Research Fund for the National Non-profit Institutes of China [ECSFRI 2009M04]; Shanghai Post-doctoral Scientific Program [10R21420500] ; Development Plan of the State Key Fundamental Research of China [2010CB429005]; MWR of China [201201028-02]; Special Research Fund for the National Non-profit Institutes of China [ECSFRI 2009M04]; Shanghai Post-doctoral Scientific Program [10R21420500] ; Development Plan of the State Key Fundamental Research of China [2010CB429005]; MWR of China [201201028-02]; Special Research Fund for the National Non-profit Institutes of China [ECSFRI 2009M04]; Shanghai Post-doctoral Scientific Program [10R21420500]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS SubjectFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS IDWOS:000316223900002
WOS KeywordOSCILLATING FOILS ; HETEROCERCAL TAIL ; FISH LOCOMOTION ; SOCKEYE SALMON ; RAINBOW-TROUT ; MORPHOMETRICS ; REVOLUTION ; AMPLITUDE ; PATTERNS ; SHARKS
Funding OrganizationDevelopment Plan of the State Key Fundamental Research of China [2010CB429005]; MWR of China [201201028-02]; Special Research Fund for the National Non-profit Institutes of China [ECSFRI 2009M04]; Shanghai Post-doctoral Scientific Program [10R21420500] ; Development Plan of the State Key Fundamental Research of China [2010CB429005]; MWR of China [201201028-02]; Special Research Fund for the National Non-profit Institutes of China [ECSFRI 2009M04]; Shanghai Post-doctoral Scientific Program [10R21420500] ; Development Plan of the State Key Fundamental Research of China [2010CB429005]; MWR of China [201201028-02]; Special Research Fund for the National Non-profit Institutes of China [ECSFRI 2009M04]; Shanghai Post-doctoral Scientific Program [10R21420500] ; Development Plan of the State Key Fundamental Research of China [2010CB429005]; MWR of China [201201028-02]; Special Research Fund for the National Non-profit Institutes of China [ECSFRI 2009M04]; Shanghai Post-doctoral Scientific Program [10R21420500]
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Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/19278
Collection水生生物多样性与资源保护研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorDuan, M (reprint author), Chinese Acad Fishery Sci, Key & Open Lab Marine & Estuarine Fisheries Resou, Minist Agr, East China Sea Fisheries Res Inst, Shanghai 200090, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Fishery Sci, Key & Open Lab Marine & Estuarine Fisheries Resou, Minist Agr, East China Sea Fisheries Res Inst, Shanghai 200090, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Biodivers & Conservat Aquat Organisms, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan, Peoples R China
3.Shanghai Ocean Univ, Coll Fisheries & Life Sci, Shanghai, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Qu, Y.,Duan, M.,Yan, J.,et al. Effects of lateral morphology on swimming performance in two sturgeon species[J]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY,2013,29(2):310-315.
APA Qu, Y..,Duan, M..,Yan, J..,Feng, G..,Liu, J..,...&Duan, M .(2013).Effects of lateral morphology on swimming performance in two sturgeon species.JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY,29(2),310-315.
MLA Qu, Y.,et al."Effects of lateral morphology on swimming performance in two sturgeon species".JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY 29.2(2013):310-315.
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