IHB OpenIR  > 水生生物多样性与资源保护研究中心  > 期刊论文
Effects of Environmental Factors on Natural Reproduction of the Four Major Chinese Carps in the Yangtze River, China
Li, Mingzheng1,2,3; Gao, Xin1,2; Yang, Shaorong1,2,3; Duan, Zhonghua1,2; Cao, Wenxuan1,2; Liu, Huanzhuang1,2; Liu, HZ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei Province, Peoples R China.
2013-04-01
Source PublicationZOOLOGICAL SCIENCE
ISSN0289-0003
Volume30Issue:4Pages:296-303
AbstractThe four major Chinese carps are commercially important fish species with high production in China. However, their recruitment decreased sharply in the Yangtze River since the late 20th century. In the present study, to reveal the relationships between spawning activities of the four species and environmental factors, drifting eggs were collected at Yidu City, in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, from May to July each year between 2005 and 2010. Classification and regression trees (CART) analysis was applied to identify the key factors associated with spawning activities of the four carp species. Twelve predictor variables (hydrological and meteorological variables) and one response variable (egg presence or number of egg) were included in the CART. Our CART analysis showed that water temperature and the diurnal increase of water level were the two most significant factors for the spawning activities. When water temperature was between 18 degrees C and 24 degrees C, especially in association with the diurnal increase of water level greater than 0.55 m.d(-1), spawning activities was always favored. Unlike the hydrological factors, meteorological factors seemed to have no influence on initiating the spawning activities. The density of drifting eggs of the four species was mainly influenced by the diurnal variation of water level, the diurnal variation of water discharge, water temperature, humidity, and air pressure. We then related our results to the ecological regulation of the Three Gorge Reservoir in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. We suggested that, when water temperature was between 18-24 degrees C from May to July, to ensure the successful spawning of the four carp species, the ecological regulation should be managed to create flood peaks and make the diurnal increase of water level greater than 0.55 m.d(-1).; The four major Chinese carps are commercially important fish species with high production in China. However, their recruitment decreased sharply in the Yangtze River since the late 20th century. In the present study, to reveal the relationships between spawning activities of the four species and environmental factors, drifting eggs were collected at Yidu City, in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, from May to July each year between 2005 and 2010. Classification and regression trees (CART) analysis was applied to identify the key factors associated with spawning activities of the four carp species. Twelve predictor variables (hydrological and meteorological variables) and one response variable (egg presence or number of egg) were included in the CART. Our CART analysis showed that water temperature and the diurnal increase of water level were the two most significant factors for the spawning activities. When water temperature was between 18 degrees C and 24 degrees C, especially in association with the diurnal increase of water level greater than 0.55 m.d(-1), spawning activities was always favored. Unlike the hydrological factors, meteorological factors seemed to have no influence on initiating the spawning activities. The density of drifting eggs of the four species was mainly influenced by the diurnal variation of water level, the diurnal variation of water discharge, water temperature, humidity, and air pressure. We then related our results to the ecological regulation of the Three Gorge Reservoir in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. We suggested that, when water temperature was between 18-24 degrees C from May to July, to ensure the successful spawning of the four carp species, the ecological regulation should be managed to create flood peaks and make the diurnal increase of water level greater than 0.55 m.d(-1).
SubtypeArticle
KeywordHydrological Meteorological Natural Spawning Activity The Four Chinese Major Carps Classification And Regression Trees
Department[Li, Mingzheng ; Gao, Xin ; Yang, Shaorong ; Duan, Zhonghua ; Cao, Wenxuan ; Liu, Huanzhuang] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei Province, Peoples R China ; [Li, Mingzheng ; Gao, Xin ; Yang, Shaorong ; Duan, Zhonghua ; Cao, Wenxuan ; Liu, Huanzhuang] Chinese Acad Sci, Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Aquat Biodivers & Conservat, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China ; [Li, Mingzheng ; Yang, Shaorong] Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
DOI10.2108/zsj.30.296
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Funding OrganizationThree Gorges Project eco-environmental monitoring system [JJ [2011]-028]; National Natural Science foundation of China [NSFC 31061160185] ; Three Gorges Project eco-environmental monitoring system [JJ [2011]-028]; National Natural Science foundation of China [NSFC 31061160185] ; Three Gorges Project eco-environmental monitoring system [JJ [2011]-028]; National Natural Science foundation of China [NSFC 31061160185] ; Three Gorges Project eco-environmental monitoring system [JJ [2011]-028]; National Natural Science foundation of China [NSFC 31061160185]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaZoology
WOS SubjectZoology
WOS IDWOS:000316574600008
WOS KeywordWATER TEMPERATURE ; ABIOTIC FACTORS ; FISH ; HABITAT ; RECRUITMENT ; FLOODPLAIN ; FLOW ; BEHAVIOR ; CRITERIA ; CLIMATE
Funding OrganizationThree Gorges Project eco-environmental monitoring system [JJ [2011]-028]; National Natural Science foundation of China [NSFC 31061160185] ; Three Gorges Project eco-environmental monitoring system [JJ [2011]-028]; National Natural Science foundation of China [NSFC 31061160185] ; Three Gorges Project eco-environmental monitoring system [JJ [2011]-028]; National Natural Science foundation of China [NSFC 31061160185] ; Three Gorges Project eco-environmental monitoring system [JJ [2011]-028]; National Natural Science foundation of China [NSFC 31061160185]
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/19261
Collection水生生物多样性与资源保护研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorLiu, HZ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei Province, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei Province, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Aquat Biodivers & Conservat, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Mingzheng,Gao, Xin,Yang, Shaorong,et al. Effects of Environmental Factors on Natural Reproduction of the Four Major Chinese Carps in the Yangtze River, China[J]. ZOOLOGICAL SCIENCE,2013,30(4):296-303.
APA Li, Mingzheng.,Gao, Xin.,Yang, Shaorong.,Duan, Zhonghua.,Cao, Wenxuan.,...&Liu, HZ .(2013).Effects of Environmental Factors on Natural Reproduction of the Four Major Chinese Carps in the Yangtze River, China.ZOOLOGICAL SCIENCE,30(4),296-303.
MLA Li, Mingzheng,et al."Effects of Environmental Factors on Natural Reproduction of the Four Major Chinese Carps in the Yangtze River, China".ZOOLOGICAL SCIENCE 30.4(2013):296-303.
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