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The comparison of phosphorus and nitrogen pollution status of the Xiangxi Bay before and after the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir
Fang Tao (fangt@ihb.ac.cn); Fu Chang-Ying; Ao Hong-Yi; Deng Nan-Sheng; Fang Tao; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2006
Source PublicationActa Hydrobiologica Sinica
ISSN1000-3207
Volume30Issue:1Pages:26-30
AbstractAs the first tributary of Changjiang River nearby Three Gorge reservoir, the water quality of Xiangxi River could directly influence the water quality of the Three Gorges reservoir, thus the research of phosphorus of Xiangxi River could provide useful information for preventive measures. Water and sediments samples along the Xiangxi River were collected before and after the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir at 1996-1997 and 2004, respectively. Total phosphorus and nitrogen of water samples, as well as species of phosphorus of sediment samples were determined to reveal the pollution Status of the River. The results indicated the concentrations of total phosphorus was lower than 0.05mg/L for the upper reaches and 0.22-0.34mg/L for the lower reaches before the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir, which was mainly influenced by the discharge of industry wastewater as well as domestic sewage. However, the concentrations of nitrogen mainly depended on agricultural pollution and show little difference along the river, which was among 0.7-1.1mg/L. After the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir, the concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen increased obviously except for phosphorus of the backwater area, which was caused by the deposit process of the particle phosphorus. Even though, as the ratios of nitrogen to phosphorus were general greater than 10 in the backwater area as well as the slower water now, the possibility of algae bloom eruption increased. Also, compared with some other rivers in China, the phosphorus pollution of the sediment of the Xiangxi River was serious. The concentration of total phosphorus in the sediments is as high as 1221 mg/kg, with the inorganic phosphorus as the main portion. In addition, with the average concentration of 609.4mg/kg, the calcium bound phosphorus is the main form among different inorganic phosphorus forms, compared with labile phosphorus and iron / aluminium bound phosphorus. This research suggested that the adverse impact caused by the Three Gorges Reservoir emerged and necessary measure is urged to prevent the eutrophication.
Indexed By其他
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/18415
Collection期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorFang Tao; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Fang Tao ,Fu Chang-Ying,Ao Hong-Yi,et al. The comparison of phosphorus and nitrogen pollution status of the Xiangxi Bay before and after the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir[J]. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica,2006,30(1):26-30.
APA Fang Tao ,Fu Chang-Ying,Ao Hong-Yi,Deng Nan-Sheng,Fang Tao,&Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China.(2006).The comparison of phosphorus and nitrogen pollution status of the Xiangxi Bay before and after the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir.Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica,30(1),26-30.
MLA Fang Tao ,et al."The comparison of phosphorus and nitrogen pollution status of the Xiangxi Bay before and after the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir".Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 30.1(2006):26-30.
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