With the five small hydropowers (SHPs) from up- to downstream of Xiangxi River as test objects, this paper studied the influence of SHPs cascaded exploitation on the phytoplankton in the river. The results showed that phytoplankton assemblages were dominated by diatoms, occupying 95. 54% of the total number of species. Achnanthes linearis, A. lanceolata var. elliptica and Cocconeis placentula were the most abundant species, with the relative abundance being 23. 96%, 18. 62% and 12. 48%, respectively. The average algal density at 25 sampling sites was 6. 29 x 10(5) ind center dot L-1, with the maximum of 1. 81 x 10(6) ind center dot L-1 and the minimum of 2. 35 x 10(5) ind center dot L-1. Two-way ANOVA indicated that water flow velocity was the main factor affecting the phytoplankton. The establishment of the cascaded SHPs on the river made the habitat of lower reach has a significant difference with the others, resulting in a dramatic change of many parameters including Margalef diversity index, species richness, generic richness, taxonomic composition, and the percentage of diatoms.
Wu Nai-cheng; Tang Tao; Zhou Shu-chan; Fu Xiao-cheng; Jiang Wan-xiang; Li Feng-qing; Cai Qing-hua (email@example.com).Influence of cascaded exploitation of small hydropower on phytoplankton in Xiangxi River.,Yingyong Shengtai Xuebao,2007,18(5):1091-1096