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Dietary choline requirement in slight methionine-deficient diet for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio)
Duan, Y.1,2; Zhu, X.1; Han, D.1; Yang, Y.1; Xie, S.1,3; Xie, S (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
2012-12-01
Source PublicationAQUACULTURE NUTRITION
ISSN1353-5773
Volume18Issue:6Pages:620-627
AbstractA 10-week feeding trial was conducted in a flow-through system to determine dietary choline requirement for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) (5.5 +/- 0.1 g). Purified basal diet was formulated using vitamin-free casein as protein source. Choline chloride was supplemented to the basal diet to formulate seven diets containing 76.1, 163, 356, 969, 1457, 2024 and 4400 mg kg(-1) choline. Dietary methionine was 0.58%, less than the requirement (0.69%). The results indicated that specific growth rate (SGR) was higher in the fish fed 2024 mg kg(-1) diet than the control group. Feeding rate and feed efficiency were not significantly affected. Protein productive value increased as dietary choline increased from 76.1 to 2024 mg kg(-1) diet and was lower in the fish fed the diet containing 4400 mg choline kg(-1) diet. Serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and total cholesterol significantly increased with increasing dietary choline up to 1457 mg kg(-1), and no differences were found with further increase. Fish carcass fat contents decreased significantly with increased dietary choline. Hepatic lipid contents increased with dietary choline up to 1457 mg kg(-1) and then decreased. Quadric regression of SGR and plasma HDL-C indicted dietary choline requirement was 2500 and 2667 mg kg(-1) diet, respectively.; A 10-week feeding trial was conducted in a flow-through system to determine dietary choline requirement for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) (5.5 +/- 0.1 g). Purified basal diet was formulated using vitamin-free casein as protein source. Choline chloride was supplemented to the basal diet to formulate seven diets containing 76.1, 163, 356, 969, 1457, 2024 and 4400 mg kg(-1) choline. Dietary methionine was 0.58%, less than the requirement (0.69%). The results indicated that specific growth rate (SGR) was higher in the fish fed 2024 mg kg(-1) diet than the control group. Feeding rate and feed efficiency were not significantly affected. Protein productive value increased as dietary choline increased from 76.1 to 2024 mg kg(-1) diet and was lower in the fish fed the diet containing 4400 mg choline kg(-1) diet. Serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and total cholesterol significantly increased with increasing dietary choline up to 1457 mg kg(-1), and no differences were found with further increase. Fish carcass fat contents decreased significantly with increased dietary choline. Hepatic lipid contents increased with dietary choline up to 1457 mg kg(-1) and then decreased. Quadric regression of SGR and plasma HDL-C indicted dietary choline requirement was 2500 and 2667 mg kg(-1) diet, respectively.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordCholine Chloride Gibel Carp Lipid Metabolism
Department[Duan, Y.; Zhu, X.; Han, D.; Yang, Y.; Xie, S.] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China; [Duan, Y.] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing, Peoples R China; [Xie, S.] Shanghai Univ, E Inst, Aquaculture Div, Shanghai, Peoples R China
DOI10.1111/j.1365-2095.2011.00930.x
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Funding OrganizationNational Key Basic Research Program (NKBRP) [2009CB118702]; earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System [CARS-46-19]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; National Key Basic Research Program (NKBRP) [2009CB118702]; earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System [CARS-46-19]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; National Key Basic Research Program (NKBRP) [2009CB118702]; earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System [CARS-46-19]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; National Key Basic Research Program (NKBRP) [2009CB118702]; earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System [CARS-46-19]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFisheries
WOS SubjectFisheries
WOS IDWOS:000310480500005
WOS KeywordMARSUPENAEUS-JAPONICUS BATE ; FINGERLING CHANNEL CATFISH ; OREOCHROMIS-NILOTICUS ; GROWTH-PERFORMANCE ; BODY-COMPOSITION ; KURUMA SHRIMP ; NILE TILAPIA ; BETAINE ; INTERRELATIONSHIPS ; NUTRITION
Funding OrganizationNational Key Basic Research Program (NKBRP) [2009CB118702]; earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System [CARS-46-19]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; National Key Basic Research Program (NKBRP) [2009CB118702]; earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System [CARS-46-19]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; National Key Basic Research Program (NKBRP) [2009CB118702]; earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System [CARS-46-19]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020] ; National Key Basic Research Program (NKBRP) [2009CB118702]; earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System [CARS-46-19]; Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest [201003020]
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/17218
Collection淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorXie, S (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Shanghai Univ, E Inst, Aquaculture Div, Shanghai, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Duan, Y.,Zhu, X.,Han, D.,et al. Dietary choline requirement in slight methionine-deficient diet for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio)[J]. AQUACULTURE NUTRITION,2012,18(6):620-627.
APA Duan, Y.,Zhu, X.,Han, D.,Yang, Y.,Xie, S.,&Xie, S .(2012).Dietary choline requirement in slight methionine-deficient diet for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio).AQUACULTURE NUTRITION,18(6),620-627.
MLA Duan, Y.,et al."Dietary choline requirement in slight methionine-deficient diet for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio)".AQUACULTURE NUTRITION 18.6(2012):620-627.
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