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Can Hydrodynamics Change Phosphorus Strategies of Diatoms?-Nutrient Levels and Diatom Blooms in Lotic and Lentic Ecosystems
Wang, Peili1,2; Shen, Hong1,2; Xie, Ping1,2; Xie, P (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Donghu Expt Stn Lake Ecosyst, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol China, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
2012-02-01
Source PublicationMICROBIAL ECOLOGY
ISSN0095-3628
Volume63Issue:2Pages:369-382
AbstractDiatom blooms occur in many water bodies worldwide, causing significant ecological and social concerns. In order to understand the mechanisms of diatom blooms formation, the effects of varying phosphorus (P) concentration and hydrodynamics on the growth of diatoms were studied by combining results from field observations and laboratory experiments. The field investigation showed that spring diatom blooms (Cyclotella meneghiniana and Stephanodiscus hantzschii) occurred in Lake Taihu and Hanjiang River with similar environmental factors such as water temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen in 2008. Concentrations of total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen, and ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N) in Lake Taihu were significantly higher than the concentrations in the Hanjiang River. Laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate growth and physiological responses of four lotic diatoms (Cyclotella atomus, Fragilaria crotonensis, Nitzschia palea, and S. hantzschii, isolated from the Hanjiang River) and three lentic diatoms (C. meneghiniana, Melosira varians, and Stephanodiscus minutulus, isolated from Lake Taihu, Lake Donghu, and Guanqiao Pond, respectively) to various P concentrations under small-scale turbulent and standing conditions. Our results showed that, with turbulence, lotic diatoms C. atomus, F. crotonensis, N. palea, and S. hantzschii demonstrated a significant increase in affinity for P compared with lentic diatoms C. meneghiniana, M. varians, and S. minutulus. Moreover, lotic diatoms C. atomus, F. crotonensis, and N. palea had higher growth rates and photosynthetic efficiencies with small-scale turbulence than with standing conditions both in P-limited and P-replete conditions. Lotic species S. hantzschii and three lentic diatoms (C. meneghiniana, M. varians, and S. minutulus) grew well under standing conditions. Our results may explain our field observation that the occurrence of diatom blooms in lakes is often associated with higher TP concentrations whereas in rivers, diatom blooms occur at a wide range of TP concentrations under flows. Therefore, different hydrodynamics and nutrient concentrations determined the dominant diatom species, according to their habitat-dependent physiological characteristics.; Diatom blooms occur in many water bodies worldwide, causing significant ecological and social concerns. In order to understand the mechanisms of diatom blooms formation, the effects of varying phosphorus (P) concentration and hydrodynamics on the growth of diatoms were studied by combining results from field observations and laboratory experiments. The field investigation showed that spring diatom blooms (Cyclotella meneghiniana and Stephanodiscus hantzschii) occurred in Lake Taihu and Hanjiang River with similar environmental factors such as water temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen in 2008. Concentrations of total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen, and ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N) in Lake Taihu were significantly higher than the concentrations in the Hanjiang River. Laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate growth and physiological responses of four lotic diatoms (Cyclotella atomus, Fragilaria crotonensis, Nitzschia palea, and S. hantzschii, isolated from the Hanjiang River) and three lentic diatoms (C. meneghiniana, Melosira varians, and Stephanodiscus minutulus, isolated from Lake Taihu, Lake Donghu, and Guanqiao Pond, respectively) to various P concentrations under small-scale turbulent and standing conditions. Our results showed that, with turbulence, lotic diatoms C. atomus, F. crotonensis, N. palea, and S. hantzschii demonstrated a significant increase in affinity for P compared with lentic diatoms C. meneghiniana, M. varians, and S. minutulus. Moreover, lotic diatoms C. atomus, F. crotonensis, and N. palea had higher growth rates and photosynthetic efficiencies with small-scale turbulence than with standing conditions both in P-limited and P-replete conditions. Lotic species S. hantzschii and three lentic diatoms (C. meneghiniana, M. varians, and S. minutulus) grew well under standing conditions. Our results may explain our field observation that the occurrence of diatom blooms in lakes is often associated with higher TP concentrations whereas in rivers, diatom blooms occur at a wide range of TP concentrations under flows. Therefore, different hydrodynamics and nutrient concentrations determined the dominant diatom species, according to their habitat-dependent physiological characteristics.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordSmall-scale Turbulence Alkaline-phosphatase Activity Phytoplankton Community Structure Fresh-water Algae Organic Phosphorus Microcystis-aeruginosa Marine-phytoplankton Microcosm Experiment Growth-kinetics Atlantic-ocean
Department[Wang, Peili; Shen, Hong; Xie, Ping] Chinese Acad Sci, Donghu Expt Stn Lake Ecosyst, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol China, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China; [Wang, Peili; Shen, Hong; Xie, Ping] Huazhong Agr Univ, Coll Fisheries, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, Peoples R China
DOI10.1007/s00248-011-9917-5
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Funding OrganizationHubei Provincial Science and Technology Department[2008BCA004] ; Hubei Provincial Science and Technology Department[2008BCA004] ; Hubei Provincial Science and Technology Department[2008BCA004] ; Hubei Provincial Science and Technology Department[2008BCA004]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Microbiology
WOS SubjectEcology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Microbiology
WOS IDWOS:000300316500013
WOS KeywordSMALL-SCALE TURBULENCE ; ALKALINE-PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY ; PHYTOPLANKTON COMMUNITY STRUCTURE ; FRESH-WATER ALGAE ; ORGANIC PHOSPHORUS ; MICROCYSTIS-AERUGINOSA ; MARINE-PHYTOPLANKTON ; MICROCOSM EXPERIMENT ; GROWTH-KINETICS ; ATLANTIC-OCEAN
Funding OrganizationHubei Provincial Science and Technology Department[2008BCA004] ; Hubei Provincial Science and Technology Department[2008BCA004] ; Hubei Provincial Science and Technology Department[2008BCA004] ; Hubei Provincial Science and Technology Department[2008BCA004]
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/16889
Collection淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorXie, P (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Donghu Expt Stn Lake Ecosyst, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol China, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Donghu Expt Stn Lake Ecosyst, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol China, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Huazhong Agr Univ, Coll Fisheries, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Peili,Shen, Hong,Xie, Ping,et al. Can Hydrodynamics Change Phosphorus Strategies of Diatoms?-Nutrient Levels and Diatom Blooms in Lotic and Lentic Ecosystems[J]. MICROBIAL ECOLOGY,2012,63(2):369-382.
APA Wang, Peili,Shen, Hong,Xie, Ping,&Xie, P .(2012).Can Hydrodynamics Change Phosphorus Strategies of Diatoms?-Nutrient Levels and Diatom Blooms in Lotic and Lentic Ecosystems.MICROBIAL ECOLOGY,63(2),369-382.
MLA Wang, Peili,et al."Can Hydrodynamics Change Phosphorus Strategies of Diatoms?-Nutrient Levels and Diatom Blooms in Lotic and Lentic Ecosystems".MICROBIAL ECOLOGY 63.2(2012):369-382.
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