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Development and evaluation of a diatom-based index of biotic integrity (D-IBI) for rivers impacted by run-of-river dams
Wu, Naicheng1,2; Cai, Qinghua1; Fohrer, Nicola2; Wu, NC (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
2012-07-01
Source PublicationECOLOGICAL INDICATORS
ISSN1470-160X
Volume18Issue:-Pages:108-117
AbstractSignificant ecological effects of run-of-river dams on stream chemistry, benthic algae, phytoplankton, macroinvertebrates, macrophytes and fish have been found. However, the quantitative impacts and intensity of such impacts on aquatic ecosystems are still unclear and there was no assessment system to examine such impacts effectively. We investigated benthic diatom communities of 23 run-of-river dams in a Chinese river during the dry season with the goal of developing a diatom-based index of biotic integrity (D-IBI) that would be sensitive to such impacts. Four metrics were selected from 110 diatom attributes of training-site data set to construct the D-IBI based on: (1) significant differences between reference and impaired sites, (2) high separation power and (3) a low coefficient of variation (CV). We then calculated the total D-IBI scores by summing metrics for each site after transformation by 0-10 scaling system. The D-IBI and its metrics were tested using an independent testing-site data set from a tributary of the study catchment. The test results, calculated using the same criteria and scaling system as the training-site data set, indicated significant differences between reference and impaired sites. The developed D-IBI was powerful in terms of separation powers, % sites correctly classified, box-separation ratios, correlation index (Col) and Cumulative_R-2. Then the ecological conditions of the sampling sites were evaluated based on the total D-IBI scores. Overall, the ecological conditions of references sites were "Good". D-IBI scores were significantly reduced at impaired sites, where affected by the dams, compared with references sites. The newly developed D-IBI effectively signaled impairment of flow regulations in the Xiangxi River of China, and it could be used in future studies measuring the long-term status of streams and the effectiveness of various remediation measures. However, further testing and assessment of their applicability in other regions impacted by small run-of-river dams are still needed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; Significant ecological effects of run-of-river dams on stream chemistry, benthic algae, phytoplankton, macroinvertebrates, macrophytes and fish have been found. However, the quantitative impacts and intensity of such impacts on aquatic ecosystems are still unclear and there was no assessment system to examine such impacts effectively. We investigated benthic diatom communities of 23 run-of-river dams in a Chinese river during the dry season with the goal of developing a diatom-based index of biotic integrity (D-IBI) that would be sensitive to such impacts. Four metrics were selected from 110 diatom attributes of training-site data set to construct the D-IBI based on: (1) significant differences between reference and impaired sites, (2) high separation power and (3) a low coefficient of variation (CV). We then calculated the total D-IBI scores by summing metrics for each site after transformation by 0-10 scaling system. The D-IBI and its metrics were tested using an independent testing-site data set from a tributary of the study catchment. The test results, calculated using the same criteria and scaling system as the training-site data set, indicated significant differences between reference and impaired sites. The developed D-IBI was powerful in terms of separation powers, % sites correctly classified, box-separation ratios, correlation index (Col) and Cumulative_R-2. Then the ecological conditions of the sampling sites were evaluated based on the total D-IBI scores. Overall, the ecological conditions of references sites were "Good". D-IBI scores were significantly reduced at impaired sites, where affected by the dams, compared with references sites. The newly developed D-IBI effectively signaled impairment of flow regulations in the Xiangxi River of China, and it could be used in future studies measuring the long-term status of streams and the effectiveness of various remediation measures. However, further testing and assessment of their applicability in other regions impacted by small run-of-river dams are still needed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordAssessment Diatoms D-ibi Ecological Condition Flow Regulation Multi-metrics
Department[Wu, Naicheng; Cai, Qinghua] Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China; [Wu, Naicheng; Fohrer, Nicola] Univ Kiel, Dept Hydrol & Water Resource Management, Inst Conservat Nat Resources, D-24118 Kiel, Germany
DOI10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.10.013
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China[30330140, 40671197]; CAS[30330140, 40671197]; Major S&T Special Project of Water Pollution Control and Management[2008ZX07526-002-07] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30330140, 40671197]; CAS[30330140, 40671197]; Major S&T Special Project of Water Pollution Control and Management[2008ZX07526-002-07] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30330140, 40671197]; CAS[30330140, 40671197]; Major S&T Special Project of Water Pollution Control and Management[2008ZX07526-002-07] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30330140, 40671197]; CAS[30330140, 40671197]; Major S&T Special Project of Water Pollution Control and Management[2008ZX07526-002-07]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectBiodiversity Conservation ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000303284500014
WOS KeywordBENTHIC ALGAL COMMUNITIES ; XIANGXI RIVER ; MINE DRAINAGE ; MONITORING EUTROPHICATION ; PHYTOPLANKTON INDEX ; HABITAT STRUCTURE ; SMALL HYDROPOWER ; P-IBI ; STREAM ; DIVERSITY
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China[30330140, 40671197]; CAS[30330140, 40671197]; Major S&T Special Project of Water Pollution Control and Management[2008ZX07526-002-07] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30330140, 40671197]; CAS[30330140, 40671197]; Major S&T Special Project of Water Pollution Control and Management[2008ZX07526-002-07] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30330140, 40671197]; CAS[30330140, 40671197]; Major S&T Special Project of Water Pollution Control and Management[2008ZX07526-002-07] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30330140, 40671197]; CAS[30330140, 40671197]; Major S&T Special Project of Water Pollution Control and Management[2008ZX07526-002-07]
Citation statistics
Cited Times:29[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/16863
Collection淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWu, NC (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Univ Kiel, Dept Hydrol & Water Resource Management, Inst Conservat Nat Resources, D-24118 Kiel, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Naicheng,Cai, Qinghua,Fohrer, Nicola,et al. Development and evaluation of a diatom-based index of biotic integrity (D-IBI) for rivers impacted by run-of-river dams[J]. ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS,2012,18(-):108-117.
APA Wu, Naicheng,Cai, Qinghua,Fohrer, Nicola,&Wu, NC .(2012).Development and evaluation of a diatom-based index of biotic integrity (D-IBI) for rivers impacted by run-of-river dams.ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS,18(-),108-117.
MLA Wu, Naicheng,et al."Development and evaluation of a diatom-based index of biotic integrity (D-IBI) for rivers impacted by run-of-river dams".ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS 18.-(2012):108-117.
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