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Preliminary evidence of delayed spawning and suppressed larval growth and condition of the major carps in the Yangtze River below the Three Gorges Dam
Zhang, Guo1,2; Wu, Lang1,2; Li, Hongtao1,2; Liu, Ming1; Cheng, Fei1; Murphy, Brian R.3,4; Xie, Songguang1; Xie, SG (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Biodivers & Conservat Aquat Organisms, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2012-02-01
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
ISSN0378-1909
Volume93Issue:3Pages:439-447
AbstractCommercial catches of the 'major carps' (grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus and bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis) in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River have declined precipitously since construction of the Three Gorges Dam (TGD). To assess specific environmental effects, young-of-the-year major carps were collected below TGD in the Yangtze River at Jianli (larvae) and E'zhou (juveniles) and in the Dongting Lake (juveniles) during June-August 2007. Lapillar otoliths were analyzed to determine early growth. There were no discernible growth increments in otoliths for a majority of the larvae (38 of 63 grass carp and 40 of 47 silver carp), while increments were evident in otoliths formed in the larval stage for all the juveniles, indicating that larvae without discernible increments failed to recruit to the juvenile stage. Back-calculated hatch dates of major carps were between 31 May and 24 July. The initiation of the spawning season was delayed about 1 month compared to pre-TGD records. Larval growth rates, as reflected by otolith-increment width, were lower at Dongting Lake (closer to TGD) than at E'zhou (farther from TGD), indicating that TGD-moderated effects on early growth and development of carps are more apparent for fishes hatched nearer to the dam. The delay in spawning and decreased early growth may partly explain the recent decline of the major carp resources in the middle and lower Yangtze River.; Commercial catches of the 'major carps' (grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus and bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis) in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River have declined precipitously since construction of the Three Gorges Dam (TGD). To assess specific environmental effects, young-of-the-year major carps were collected below TGD in the Yangtze River at Jianli (larvae) and E'zhou (juveniles) and in the Dongting Lake (juveniles) during June-August 2007. Lapillar otoliths were analyzed to determine early growth. There were no discernible growth increments in otoliths for a majority of the larvae (38 of 63 grass carp and 40 of 47 silver carp), while increments were evident in otoliths formed in the larval stage for all the juveniles, indicating that larvae without discernible increments failed to recruit to the juvenile stage. Back-calculated hatch dates of major carps were between 31 May and 24 July. The initiation of the spawning season was delayed about 1 month compared to pre-TGD records. Larval growth rates, as reflected by otolith-increment width, were lower at Dongting Lake (closer to TGD) than at E'zhou (farther from TGD), indicating that TGD-moderated effects on early growth and development of carps are more apparent for fishes hatched nearer to the dam. The delay in spawning and decreased early growth may partly explain the recent decline of the major carp resources in the middle and lower Yangtze River.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordThree Gorges Dam Major Carps Otolith Early Growth Hatch Date
Department[Zhang, Guo; Wu, Lang; Li, Hongtao; Liu, Ming; Cheng, Fei; Xie, Songguang] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Biodivers & Conservat Aquat Organisms, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China; [Zhang, Guo; Wu, Lang; Li, Hongtao] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China; [Murphy, Brian R.] Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Dept Fish & Wildlife Conservat, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA; [Murphy, Brian R.] Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Conservat Management Inst, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA
DOI10.1007/s10641-011-9934-8
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)[2010CB429005]; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30771642]; Chinese Academy of Sciences[2010T2S25] ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)[2010CB429005]; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30771642]; Chinese Academy of Sciences[2010T2S25] ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)[2010CB429005]; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30771642]; Chinese Academy of Sciences[2010T2S25] ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)[2010CB429005]; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30771642]; Chinese Academy of Sciences[2010T2S25]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS SubjectEcology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS IDWOS:000299768600012
WOS KeywordINCREMENT FORMATION ; CLUPEA-HARENGUS ; RING DEPOSITION ; FISH ; MORTALITY ; IMPACTS ; CHINA ; PATTERNS ; FLOUNDER ; OTOLITHS
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)[2010CB429005]; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30771642]; Chinese Academy of Sciences[2010T2S25] ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)[2010CB429005]; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30771642]; Chinese Academy of Sciences[2010T2S25] ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)[2010CB429005]; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30771642]; Chinese Academy of Sciences[2010T2S25] ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)[2010CB429005]; National Natural Science Foundation of China[30771642]; Chinese Academy of Sciences[2010T2S25]
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/16711
Collection淡水生态学研究中心_期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorXie, SG (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Biodivers & Conservat Aquat Organisms, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Key Lab Biodivers & Conservat Aquat Organisms, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Dept Fish & Wildlife Conservat, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA
4.Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Conservat Management Inst, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Guo,Wu, Lang,Li, Hongtao,et al. Preliminary evidence of delayed spawning and suppressed larval growth and condition of the major carps in the Yangtze River below the Three Gorges Dam[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES,2012,93(3):439-447.
APA Zhang, Guo.,Wu, Lang.,Li, Hongtao.,Liu, Ming.,Cheng, Fei.,...&Xie, SG .(2012).Preliminary evidence of delayed spawning and suppressed larval growth and condition of the major carps in the Yangtze River below the Three Gorges Dam.ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES,93(3),439-447.
MLA Zhang, Guo,et al."Preliminary evidence of delayed spawning and suppressed larval growth and condition of the major carps in the Yangtze River below the Three Gorges Dam".ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES 93.3(2012):439-447.
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