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Otolith retrieval from faeces and reconstruction of prey-fish size for Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) wintering at the East Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve, China
Radhakrishnan, K. V.; Liu, Ming; He, Wenping; Murphy, Brian R.; Xie, Songguang; Xie, SG, Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Biodivers & Conservat Aquat Organisms, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China; xiesg@ihb.ac.cn
2010
Conference Name4th International Otolith Symposium
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY OF FISHES
Volume89
Issue3-4
Pages505-512
Conference DateAUG 24-28, 2009
Conference PlaceMonterey, CA
ISSN0378-1909
Department[Radhakrishnan, K. V.; Liu, Ming; He, Wenping; Xie, Songguang] Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Biodivers & Conservat Aquat Organisms, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China; [He, Wenping] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China; [Murphy, Brian R.] Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Dept Fisheries & Wildlife Sci, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA; [Murphy, Brian R.] Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Conservat Management Inst, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA
AbstractThe food composition of Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) was studied by analyzing 360 faecal samples collected from their roosting sites at the East Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve in south-central China during November 2008 and January 2009. A total of 223 fish otoliths were retrieved. Only sagittal otoliths (N=74) with intact margins, good medial relief, and well-defined sulcus were used to identify the prey-fish species and to reconstruct prey-fish size. Through shape indices and elliptical Fourier analyses, these otoliths were identified as belonging to two cyprinid fish species, crucian carp Carassius auratus (72%) and white amur bream Parabramis pekinensis (28%). The otolith size (maximum length, Lo)-prey-fish size (standard length, Ls) relationships determined for the two fish species were Ls=-19. 5+37.1 Lo (N=74; R-2=0.95; P<0.05) for crucian carp and Ls=-31.9+ 36.9 Lo (N=70; R-2=0.97; P<0.05) for white amur bream. The back-calculated Ls from the otoliths retrieved from the faeces were 96.2 +/- 10.2 mm (range 72.7-110.4 mm) for crucian carp and 86.3 +/- 10.4 mm (range 74.1-104.6 mm) for white amur bream. Based on setnet sampling of the fish community near roosting sites, crucian carp and white amur bream were found as the first and second most abundant species. Great Cormorants were very selective for the size range of prey. These results demonstrate that analysis of otoliths retrieved from faeces can be an effective, inexpensive, and non-invasive method to identify prey-fish species and to estimate prey-fish size in studies of diet composition for piscivorous birds.
KeywordGreat Cormorant Faeces Otolith Prey-fish Identification Shape Analysis Dongting Lake
Subject AreaEcology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000284976500026
Citation statistics
Cited Times:10[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type会议论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/15305
Collection淡水生态学研究中心_会议论文
Corresponding AuthorXie, SG, Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Biodivers & Conservat Aquat Organisms, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China; xiesg@ihb.ac.cn
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Radhakrishnan, K. V.,Liu, Ming,He, Wenping,et al. Otolith retrieval from faeces and reconstruction of prey-fish size for Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) wintering at the East Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve, China[C],2010:505-512.
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