[Liu, Jin Yu; Li, Ai Hua] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; [Liu, Jin Yu] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China; [Zhou, Dong Ren; Ye, Xue Ping] Zhejiang Inst Freshwater Fisheries, Huzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China; [Wen, Zhou Rui] Hubei Fisheries Sci Res Inst, Wuhan, Peoples R China
Yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco (Richardson) is a commercially important fish generally distributed in Southeast Asian countries. The well-known aetiological agent of enteric septicaemia of catfish, Edwardsiella ictaluri, was isolated from diseased yellow catfish P. fulvidraco (Richardson) reared at two commercial fisheries in China. The economic losses due to the high mortalities (about 50%) caused by this bacterium have been increasing annually. The affected fish presented two different, typical symptoms: pale gills, slight exophthalmia and a 'hole in the head', and haemorrhage on the opercula, in the skin under the jaw, creating a 'hole under the jaw'. These diseases were found frequently in cultured yellow catfish throughout China. The isolates from both outbreaks were all Gram negative, facultatively anaerobic and short rod. Morphological and biochemical tests and phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rDNA sequences all strongly indicated that these yellow catfish isolates were highly identical to the known E. ictaluri. In addition, the isolates possessed the typical plasmid profile of E. ictaluri. Experimental infection assays were conducted and pathogenicity (by an intraperitoneal injection) was demonstrated in yellow catfish and channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus. The results showed that yellow catfish isolates were quite conservative pheno-typically and genetically, and were able to cause two different, typical symptoms in this fish under unknown conditions and mechanism.
Liu, Jin Yu; Li, Ai Hua; Zhou, Dong Ren; Wen, Zhou Rui; Ye, Xue Ping.Isolation and characterization of Edwardsiella ictaluri strains as pathogens from diseased yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco (Richardson) cultured in China,AQUACULTURE RESEARCH,2010,41(12):1835-1844