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Temperature- and salinity-dependent development of a Nordic strain of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis from rainbow trout
L. Aihua and K. Buchmann; Buchmann, K, Royal Vet & Agr Univ, Dept Vet Microbiol, Sect Fish Dis, Stigbojlen 4, DK-18970 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
2001
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY
Volume17Issue:6Pages:273-276
AbstractDuring the twentieth century evidence was presented which suggested the presence of various strains and races of the parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis Fouquet. However, ecological profiles of various parasite isolates from different climatic zones are sparse. Such stringent characterizations of parasite development at defined abiotic conditions could provide valuable criteria for the different races: profile comparison from various localities is one way to differentiate these strains. Baseline investigations were therefore performed on the associations between abiotic factors (temperature/salinity) and the development of theronts in tomocysts of I. multifiliis isolated from rainbow trout in a Danish trout farm. It was shown that tomocyst formation and theront development took place between 5 and 30degreesC. Development rates and sizes of theronts were clearly affected by temperature: theronts escaped tomocysts already after 16-27 h at 25degreesC and 30degreesC, whereas this process took 8-9 days at 5degreesC. Likewise, theront size decreased steadily from a maximum of 57.4 x 28.6 mum at 5degreesC to 28.6 x 20.0 mum at 30degreesC. This size variation was only partly associated with the number of theronts that appeared at different temperatures. The lowest number of theronts escaping from one tomocyst was indeed found at 5-7degreesC (mean 329-413). At 11.6, 17.0 and 21degreesC. the highest number of theronts appeared (mean 546-642). However, at 25 and 30degreesC, the number decreased (458 and 424, respectively). Additional studies on the salinity dependent development of the parasite (at 11.6degreesC) showed that salinities above 5 p.p.t. totally inhibited development. Even at 5 p.p.t. the developmental time significantly increased and the number of theronts produced from one tomocyst decreased.
KeywordProtection
DepartmentRoyal Vet & Agr Univ, Dept Vet Microbiol, Sect Fish Dis, DK-18970 Frederiksberg C, Denmark; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol, Wuhan, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Lab Fish Dis, Wuhan, Peoples R China
Subject AreaFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000173189300005
Citation statistics
Cited Times:41[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/9900
Collection期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorBuchmann, K, Royal Vet & Agr Univ, Dept Vet Microbiol, Sect Fish Dis, Stigbojlen 4, DK-18970 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
L. Aihua and K. Buchmann,Buchmann, K, Royal Vet & Agr Univ, Dept Vet Microbiol, Sect Fish Dis, Stigbojlen 4, DK-18970 Frederiksberg C, Denmark. Temperature- and salinity-dependent development of a Nordic strain of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis from rainbow trout[J]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY,2001,17(6):273-276.
APA L. Aihua and K. Buchmann,&Buchmann, K, Royal Vet & Agr Univ, Dept Vet Microbiol, Sect Fish Dis, Stigbojlen 4, DK-18970 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.(2001).Temperature- and salinity-dependent development of a Nordic strain of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis from rainbow trout.JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY,17(6),273-276.
MLA L. Aihua and K. Buchmann,et al."Temperature- and salinity-dependent development of a Nordic strain of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis from rainbow trout".JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY 17.6(2001):273-276.
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