NIEHS, Ctr Risk & Integrated Sci, Res Triangle Pk, NC 27709 USA; Chulabhorn Res Inst, Bangkok, Thailand; Sri Ramachandra Med Coll & Res Inst, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India; US EPA, Off Childrens Hlth Protect, Washington, DC 20460 USA; SUNY Albany, Sch Publ Hlth, Rensselaer, NY USA; WHO, Int Programme Chem Safety, Res Triangle Pk, NC USA; WHO, Int Programme Chem Safety, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland; Natl Univ Singapore, Dept Community Occupat & Family Med, Singapore 0511, Singapore; Mt Sinai Sch Med, Ctr Childrens Hlth & Environm, Dept Community & Prevent Med, New York, NY USA; Univ Philippines, Coll Med, Dept Pharmacol & Toxicol, Manila, Philippines; Princess Margaret Hosp Children, Subiaco, WA USA; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geochem, Guiyang, Peoples R China
The Southeast Asia and Western Pacific regions contain half of the world's children and are among the most rapidly industrializing regions of the globe. Environmental threats to children's health are widespread and are multiplying as nations in the area undergo industrial development and pass through the epidemiologic transition. These environmental hazards range from traditional threats such as bacterial contamination of drinking water and wood smoke in poorly ventilated dwellings to more recently introduced chemical threats such as asbestos construction materials; arsenic in groundwater; methyl isocyanate in Bhopal, India; untreated manufacturing wastes released to landfills; chlorinated hydrocarbon and organophosphorous pesticides; and atmospheric lead emissions from the combustion of leaded gasoline. To address these problems, pediatricians, environmental health scientists, and public health workers throughout Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific have begun to build local and national research and prevention programs in children's environmental health. Successes have been achieved as a result of these efforts: A cost-effective system for producing safe drinking water at the village level has been devised in India; many nations have launched aggressive antismoking campaigns; and Thailand, the Philippines, India, and Pakistan have all begun to reduce their use of lead in gasoline, with resultant declines in children's blood lead levels. The International Conference on Environmental Threats to the Health of Children, held in Bangkok, Thailand, in March 2002, brought together more than 300 representatives from 35 countries and organizations to increase awareness on environmental health hazards affecting children in these regions and throughout the world. The conference, a direct result of the Environmental Threats to the Health of Children meeting held in Manila in April 2000, provided participants with the latest scientific data on children's vulnerability to environmental hazards and models for future policy and public health discussions on ways to improve children's health. The Bangkok Statement, a pledge resulting from the conference proceedings, is an important first step in creating a global alliance committed to developing active and innovative national and international networks to promote and protect children's environmental health.
William A. Suk; Kuhnying Mathuros Ruchirawat; Kalpana Balakrishnan; Martha Berger; David Carpenter; Terri Damstra; Jenny Pronczuk de Garbino; David Koh; Philip J. Landrigan; Irma Makalinao; Peter D. Sly; Y. Xu and B.S. Zheng.Environmental threats to children's health in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific,ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES,2003,111(10):1340-1347