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学科主题: Fisheries
题名: Effect of replacement of dietary fish meal by meat and bone meal and poultry by-product meal on growth and feed utilization of gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio
作者: Yang, Y; Xie, S; Cui, Y; Lei, W; Zhu, X; Yang, Y; Yu, Y
通讯作者: Yang, Y, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
关键词: Carassius auratus gibelio ; feed utilization ; growth ; meat and bone meal ; poultry by-product meal
刊名: AQUACULTURE NUTRITION
发表日期: 2004-10-01
卷: 10, 期:5, 页:289-294
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China; Natl Renderers Assoc, Unit A, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: Fisheries
研究领域[WOS]: Fisheries
摘要: Triplicate groups of gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio (initial body weight: 5.25 +/- 0.02 g) were fed for 8 weeks at 20-25 degreesC on five isonitrogenous (crude protein: 400 g kg(-1)) and isoenergetic diets (gross energy: 17 kJ g(-1)). Meat and bone meal (MBM) or poultry by-product meal (PBM) were used to replace fish meal at different levels of protein. The control diet contained fish meal as the sole protein source. In the other four diets, 150 or 500 g kg(-1) of fish meal protein was substituted by MBM (MBM15, MBM50) or PBM (PBM15, PBM50). The results showed that feeding rate for the MBM50 group was significantly higher than for other groups except the PBM50 group (P < 0.05). Growth rate in the MBM15 group was significantly higher than that in the control (P < 0.05), while there was no significant difference in growth between the control and other groups (P > 0.05). Feed efficiency and protein efficiency ratio in MBM50 was significantly lower while that in MBM15 was significantly higher (P < 0.05). Replacement of fish meal by MBM at 500 g kg(-1) protein significantly decreased apparent dry matter digestibility (ADC(D)) and gross energy (ADC(E)) while apparent protein digestibility (ADC(P)) was significantly decreased by the replacement of MBM or PBM (P < 0.05). The results suggest that MBM and PBM could replace up to 500 g kg(-1) of fish meal protein in diets for gibel carp without negative effects on growth while 150 g kg(-1) replacement by MBM protein improved feed utilization.
英文摘要: Triplicate groups of gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio (initial body weight: 5.25 +/- 0.02 g) were fed for 8 weeks at 20-25 degreesC on five isonitrogenous (crude protein: 400 g kg(-1)) and isoenergetic diets (gross energy: 17 kJ g(-1)). Meat and bone meal (MBM) or poultry by-product meal (PBM) were used to replace fish meal at different levels of protein. The control diet contained fish meal as the sole protein source. In the other four diets, 150 or 500 g kg(-1) of fish meal protein was substituted by MBM (MBM15, MBM50) or PBM (PBM15, PBM50). The results showed that feeding rate for the MBM50 group was significantly higher than for other groups except the PBM50 group (P < 0.05). Growth rate in the MBM15 group was significantly higher than that in the control (P < 0.05), while there was no significant difference in growth between the control and other groups (P > 0.05). Feed efficiency and protein efficiency ratio in MBM50 was significantly lower while that in MBM15 was significantly higher (P < 0.05). Replacement of fish meal by MBM at 500 g kg(-1) protein significantly decreased apparent dry matter digestibility (ADC(D)) and gross energy (ADC(E)) while apparent protein digestibility (ADC(P)) was significantly decreased by the replacement of MBM or PBM (P < 0.05). The results suggest that MBM and PBM could replace up to 500 g kg(-1) of fish meal protein in diets for gibel carp without negative effects on growth while 150 g kg(-1) replacement by MBM protein improved feed utilization.
关键词[WOS]: TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS ; ALTERNATIVE PROTEIN-SOURCES ; RAINBOW-TROUT ; PLANT-PROTEINS ; DIGESTIBILITY ; SUBSTITUTION ; INGREDIENTS
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000224180200001
ISSN号: 1353-5773
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/9426
Appears in Collections:中科院水生所知识产出(2009年前)_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Natl Renderers Assoc, Unit A, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Yang, Y; Xie, S; Cui, Y; Lei, W; Zhu, X; Yang, Y; Yu, Y.Effect of replacement of dietary fish meal by meat and bone meal and poultry by-product meal on growth and feed utilization of gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio,AQUACULTURE NUTRITION,2004,10(5):289-294
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