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Photoregulated or energy dependent process of hormogonia differentiation in Nostoc sphaeroides Kutzing (Cyanobacterium)
Li, DH; Chen, LZ; Li, GB; Wang, GH; Song, LR; Liu, YD; Liu, YD, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2005-06-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE PLANT BIOLOGY
ISSN1672-9072
Volume47Issue:6Pages:709-716
AbstractHormogonium, which was thought to play an important role in the dispersal and survival of these microorganisms in their natural habitats, is a distinguishable developmental stage of heterocystous cyanobacteria. The present study examined the effects of different light conditions and sugars on the differentiation of Nostoc sphaeroides Kutzing to the hormogonia stage. Results showed that differentiation of hormogonia was light dependent in the absence of sugar, but that close to 100% of cyanobacteria differentiated to hormogonia in the presence of glucose or sucrose, irrespective of the light conditions. This differentiation was inhibited, even in the presence of sugars, upon application of an inhibitor of respiration. Following the testing of different sugars, the effects of different lights were examined. It was found that 5 10 μ mol.m(-2)• s(-1) photon flux density was optimal for hormogonia differentiation. One hundred percent differentiation was obtained with white light irradiation, in contrast with irradiation with green light (80% differentiation) and red light (0-10% differentiation). Although they showed different efficiencies in inducing hormogonia differentiation in N. sphaeroides, the green and red radiation did not display antagonistic effects. When the additional aspect of time dependence was investigated through the application of different light radiations and an inhibitor of protein synthesis, it was found that the initial 6 h of the differentiation process was crucial for hormogonia differentiation. Taken together, these results show that hormogonia differentiation in N. sphaeroides is either a photoregulated or an energy dependent process.; Hormogonium, which was thought to play an important role in the dispersal and survival of these microorganisms in their natural habitats, is a distinguishable developmental stage of heterocystous cyanobacteria. The present study examined the effects of different light conditions and sugars on the differentiation of Nostoc sphaeroides Kutzing to the hormogonia stage. Results showed that differentiation of hormogonia was light dependent in the absence of sugar, but that close to 100% of cyanobacteria differentiated to hormogonia in the presence of glucose or sucrose, irrespective of the light conditions. This differentiation was inhibited, even in the presence of sugars, upon application of an inhibitor of respiration. Following the testing of different sugars, the effects of different lights were examined. It was found that 5 10 μ mol.m(-2)• s(-1) photon flux density was optimal for hormogonia differentiation. One hundred percent differentiation was obtained with white light irradiation, in contrast with irradiation with green light (80% differentiation) and red light (0-10% differentiation). Although they showed different efficiencies in inducing hormogonia differentiation in N. sphaeroides, the green and red radiation did not display antagonistic effects. When the additional aspect of time dependence was investigated through the application of different light radiations and an inhibitor of protein synthesis, it was found that the initial 6 h of the differentiation process was crucial for hormogonia differentiation. Taken together, these results show that hormogonia differentiation in N. sphaeroides is either a photoregulated or an energy dependent process.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordCyanobacterium Energy-dependent Hormogonia Differentiation Nostoc Sphaeroides Kutzing Photoregulation
DepartmentChinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
Subject AreaBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Plant Sciences
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Plant Sciences
WOS SubjectBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Plant Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000229518500009
WOS KeywordCALOTHRIX ; CULTURES ; GENES
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/9250
Collection期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorLiu, YD, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, DH,Chen, LZ,Li, GB,et al. Photoregulated or energy dependent process of hormogonia differentiation in Nostoc sphaeroides Kutzing (Cyanobacterium)[J]. JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE PLANT BIOLOGY,2005,47(6):709-716.
APA Li, DH.,Chen, LZ.,Li, GB.,Wang, GH.,Song, LR.,...&Liu, YD, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China.(2005).Photoregulated or energy dependent process of hormogonia differentiation in Nostoc sphaeroides Kutzing (Cyanobacterium).JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE PLANT BIOLOGY,47(6),709-716.
MLA Li, DH,et al."Photoregulated or energy dependent process of hormogonia differentiation in Nostoc sphaeroides Kutzing (Cyanobacterium)".JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE PLANT BIOLOGY 47.6(2005):709-716.
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