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Effect of inclusion of blue-green algae meal on growth and accumulation of microcystins in gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio)
Zhao, M; Xie, S; Zhu, X; Yang, Y; Gan, L; Song, L; Xie, S, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2006-02-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY
ISSN0175-8659
Volume22Issue:1Pages:72-78
AbstractSix isonitrogenous (crude protein content: 38%) and isoenergetic (gross energy content: 17 kJ g(-1)) diets were formulated to investigate the effects of inclusion of blue-green algae meal on gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio). In each diet, 15% of the protein was supplied by fishmeal; the remainder was supplied by soybean meal and blue-green algae meal. Diet 1 was used as control with no blue-green algae meal whereas the content in diets 2-6 was 15.15, 29.79, 44.69, 59.58 and 74.48%, respectively. Each diet was fed to five groups of gibel carp for 12 weeks in a flow-through system. Final body weight and specific growth rate (SGR) of fish fed diet 5 were significantly lower than the control diet (P < 0.05). Mortality of gibel carp increased with increase in algae meal inclusion (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between fish fed diets 3-6 (P > 0.05). Feed conversion efficiency (FCE) decreased with the increase in algae meal inclusion (P < 0.05). Fish-fed diet 6 showed the highest feeding rate (P < 0.05), while there were no significant differences among the other groups (P > 0.05). Apparent digestibility coefficient of dry matter, protein, and energy decreased with increasing algae meal inclusion in the diets (P < 0.05). Aspartate aminotransferase (GOT) activity in the liver was not significantly different among groups (P > 0.05). Liver alanine aminotransferase (GPT) activity of fish-fed diets 4, 5 and 6 was significantly lower than the control diet (diet 1; P < 0.05). Microcystins in the muscle, liver, gallbladder, and spleen increased with increasing algae inclusion (P < 0.05).; Six isonitrogenous (crude protein content: 38%) and isoenergetic (gross energy content: 17 kJ g(-1)) diets were formulated to investigate the effects of inclusion of blue-green algae meal on gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio). In each diet, 15% of the protein was supplied by fishmeal; the remainder was supplied by soybean meal and blue-green algae meal. Diet 1 was used as control with no blue-green algae meal whereas the content in diets 2-6 was 15.15, 29.79, 44.69, 59.58 and 74.48%, respectively. Each diet was fed to five groups of gibel carp for 12 weeks in a flow-through system. Final body weight and specific growth rate (SGR) of fish fed diet 5 were significantly lower than the control diet (P < 0.05). Mortality of gibel carp increased with increase in algae meal inclusion (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between fish fed diets 3-6 (P > 0.05). Feed conversion efficiency (FCE) decreased with the increase in algae meal inclusion (P < 0.05). Fish-fed diet 6 showed the highest feeding rate (P < 0.05), while there were no significant differences among the other groups (P > 0.05). Apparent digestibility coefficient of dry matter, protein, and energy decreased with increasing algae meal inclusion in the diets (P < 0.05). Aspartate aminotransferase (GOT) activity in the liver was not significantly different among groups (P > 0.05). Liver alanine aminotransferase (GPT) activity of fish-fed diets 4, 5 and 6 was significantly lower than the control diet (diet 1; P < 0.05). Microcystins in the muscle, liver, gallbladder, and spleen increased with increasing algae inclusion (P < 0.05).
SubtypeArticle
KeywordTrout Oncorhynchus-mykiss Rainbow-trout Cyanobacterial Toxins Peptide Toxin Danio-rerio Brown Trout Lr Aeruginosa Toxicity Extracts
DepartmentChinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
Subject AreaFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS SubjectFisheries ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS IDWOS:000235169200012
WOS KeywordTROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS ; RAINBOW-TROUT ; CYANOBACTERIAL TOXINS ; PEPTIDE TOXIN ; DANIO-RERIO ; BROWN TROUT ; LR ; AERUGINOSA ; TOXICITY ; EXTRACTS
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Cited Times:20[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/9040
Collection期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorXie, S, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, M,Xie, S,Zhu, X,et al. Effect of inclusion of blue-green algae meal on growth and accumulation of microcystins in gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio)[J]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY,2006,22(1):72-78.
APA Zhao, M.,Xie, S.,Zhu, X.,Yang, Y.,Gan, L.,...&Xie, S, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.(2006).Effect of inclusion of blue-green algae meal on growth and accumulation of microcystins in gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio).JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY,22(1),72-78.
MLA Zhao, M,et al."Effect of inclusion of blue-green algae meal on growth and accumulation of microcystins in gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio)".JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY 22.1(2006):72-78.
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