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学科主题: Microbiology
题名: Cloning and characterization of a new multi-stress inducible metallothionein gene in Tetrahymena pyriformis
作者: Fu, Chengjie; Miao, Wei
通讯作者: Miao, W, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
关键词: gene expression ; intragenic tandem repeats ; metallothionein ; metal stress ; Tetrahymena pyriformis
刊名: PROTIST
发表日期: 2006-06-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2006.02.006
卷: 157, 期:2, 页:193-203
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Wuhan Branch, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: Microbiology
研究领域[WOS]: Microbiology
摘要: A new multi-stress-inducible metallothionein (MT) gene isoform has been cloned and characterized from the ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis. Both the 5'- and 3'-UT regions of the Tp-MT2 gene are very different from the previously reported Tp-MT1 isoform in this organism and from other described MT genes in Tetrahymena pigmentosa and Tetrahymena thermophila. The putative protein sequence of Tp-MT2 contains cysteine clusters with characteristics of the typical Tetrahymena Cd-inducible MT genes. However, the sequence has a special feature of four intragenic tandem repeats within its first half, with a conserved structural pattern x(5/8)CCCx(6)CCx(6)CxCxNCxCCK. To investigate the transcriptional activities of both Tp-MT2 and Tp-MT1 genes toward heavy metals (Cd, Hg, Cu, Zn) and H2O2, the mRNA levels of these two isoforms were evaluated by means of real-time quantitative PCR. Results showed that Tp-MT2 had a higher basal expression level than Tp-MT1 and both genes were induced by Cd, Hg, Cu, and Zn ions after short exposure (I h), although to different extents. Cd was the most effective metal inducer of both two isoforms, but the relative expression level of Tp-MT2 was much lower than that of Tp-MT1. Different expression patterns were also shown between the two genes when treated with Cd over a period of 24 h. We suggest that TpMT-1 plays the role of a multi-inducible stress gene, while TpMT-2 may have a more specific function in basal metal homeostasis although it may have undergone a functional differentiation process. The putative functional significance and evolutionary mode of the TpMT-2 isoform are discussed. (c) 2006 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
英文摘要: A new multi-stress-inducible metallothionein (MT) gene isoform has been cloned and characterized from the ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis. Both the 5'- and 3'-UT regions of the Tp-MT2 gene are very different from the previously reported Tp-MT1 isoform in this organism and from other described MT genes in Tetrahymena pigmentosa and Tetrahymena thermophila. The putative protein sequence of Tp-MT2 contains cysteine clusters with characteristics of the typical Tetrahymena Cd-inducible MT genes. However, the sequence has a special feature of four intragenic tandem repeats within its first half, with a conserved structural pattern x(5/8)CCCx(6)CCx(6)CxCxNCxCCK. To investigate the transcriptional activities of both Tp-MT2 and Tp-MT1 genes toward heavy metals (Cd, Hg, Cu, Zn) and H2O2, the mRNA levels of these two isoforms were evaluated by means of real-time quantitative PCR. Results showed that Tp-MT2 had a higher basal expression level than Tp-MT1 and both genes were induced by Cd, Hg, Cu, and Zn ions after short exposure (I h), although to different extents. Cd was the most effective metal inducer of both two isoforms, but the relative expression level of Tp-MT2 was much lower than that of Tp-MT1. Different expression patterns were also shown between the two genes when treated with Cd over a period of 24 h. We suggest that TpMT-1 plays the role of a multi-inducible stress gene, while TpMT-2 may have a more specific function in basal metal homeostasis although it may have undergone a functional differentiation process. The putative functional significance and evolutionary mode of the TpMT-2 isoform are discussed. (c) 2006 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: DIFFERENTIAL EXPRESSION ; CADMIUM ; PROTEIN ; THERMOPHILA ; PIGMENTOSA ; MT ; PROTISTS ; FAMILY ; OYSTER ; TOOL
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000239827700007
ISSN号: 1434-4610
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/8868
Appears in Collections:中科院水生所知识产出(2009年前)_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Wuhan Branch, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Fu, Chengjie; Miao, Wei.Cloning and characterization of a new multi-stress inducible metallothionein gene in Tetrahymena pyriformis,PROTIST,2006,157(2):193-203
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