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学科主题: Environmental Sciences; Toxicology
题名: First report of aphantoxins in China - waterblooms of toxigenic Aphanizomenon flos-aquae in Lake Dianchi
作者: Liu, Yongmei; Chen, Wei; Li, Dunhai; Shen, Yinwu; Li, Genbao; Liu, Yongding
通讯作者: Liu, YD, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
关键词: cyanobacterial bloom ; paralytic shelifish poisons ; Aphanizomenon flos-aquae ; Lake Dianchi ; mouse bioassay ; toxicology ; HPLC ; LC/MS
刊名: ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
发表日期: 2006-09-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2005.06.012
卷: 65, 期:1, 页:84-92
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences ; Toxicology
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Toxicology
摘要: The oligohaline cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (L.) Ralfs (A. flos-aquae) has been reported in several countries to produce paralytic shellfish poisons (PSPs) or protracted toxic effects. In the past years, A. flos-aquae blooms have occurred annually in the eutrophic Lake Dianchi (300 km(2) in area, located in southwestern China). Material from natural blooms dominated by A. flosaquae was collected and lyophilized. Acute toxicity testing was performed by mouse bioassay using extracts from the lyophilized material. Clear symptoms of PSPs, intoxications were observed. To confirm the production of PSPs, a strain of A. flos-aquae (DC-1) was isolated and maintained in culture. Histopathological effects were studied by examining the organ damages using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Slight hepatocytic damage with swollen mitochondria was found. The ultrastructural pulmonary lesions were characterized by distortied nuclei and indenting of karyotheca, together with degeneration and tumefaction of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum. Control animals injected with acetic acid did not exhibit histopathological damage in any organ. Toxic effects of cultured algal cells on enzymatic systems in the mouse were studied using sublethal doses of extracts. Significant glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increases, together with decrease of the glutathione (GSH) level, were measured. These results indicated a potential role of PSPs intoxicating and metabolizing in the test animals. HPLC-FLD and LC/MS analysis of extracts from cultured material demonstrated the PSP toxins produced by A. flos-aquae bloom. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study reporting chemically and toxicologically confirmed PSP toxins related to A. flosaquae in China. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
英文摘要: The oligohaline cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (L.) Ralfs (A. flos-aquae) has been reported in several countries to produce paralytic shellfish poisons (PSPs) or protracted toxic effects. In the past years, A. flos-aquae blooms have occurred annually in the eutrophic Lake Dianchi (300 km(2) in area, located in southwestern China). Material from natural blooms dominated by A. flosaquae was collected and lyophilized. Acute toxicity testing was performed by mouse bioassay using extracts from the lyophilized material. Clear symptoms of PSPs, intoxications were observed. To confirm the production of PSPs, a strain of A. flos-aquae (DC-1) was isolated and maintained in culture. Histopathological effects were studied by examining the organ damages using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Slight hepatocytic damage with swollen mitochondria was found. The ultrastructural pulmonary lesions were characterized by distortied nuclei and indenting of karyotheca, together with degeneration and tumefaction of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum. Control animals injected with acetic acid did not exhibit histopathological damage in any organ. Toxic effects of cultured algal cells on enzymatic systems in the mouse were studied using sublethal doses of extracts. Significant glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increases, together with decrease of the glutathione (GSH) level, were measured. These results indicated a potential role of PSPs intoxicating and metabolizing in the test animals. HPLC-FLD and LC/MS analysis of extracts from cultured material demonstrated the PSP toxins produced by A. flos-aquae bloom. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study reporting chemically and toxicologically confirmed PSP toxins related to A. flosaquae in China. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: PARALYTIC SHELLFISH TOXINS ; BLUE-GREEN-ALGA ; CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHOD ; PEPTIDE TOXIN ; ANTICHOLINESTERASE ; GLUTATHIONE ; BLOOMS
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000240026600010
ISSN号: 0147-6513
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/8862
Appears in Collections:中科院水生所知识产出(2009年前)_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Liu, Yongmei; Chen, Wei; Li, Dunhai; Shen, Yinwu; Li, Genbao; Liu, Yongding.First report of aphantoxins in China - waterblooms of toxigenic Aphanizomenon flos-aquae in Lake Dianchi,ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY,2006,65(1):84-92
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