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学科主题: Fisheries; Immunology; Marine & Freshwater Biology; Veterinary Sciences
题名: Influence of selected Indian immunostimulant herbs against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon with reference to haematological, biochemical and immunological changes
作者: Citarasu, Thavasimuthu; Sivaram, Veeramani; Immanuel, Grasian; Rout, Namita; Murugan, Vadivel
通讯作者: Citarasu, T, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Fish Dev Genet & Cell Engn, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
关键词: herbals ; immunostimulants ; molecular diagnosis ; oxyhaemocynin ; Peneaus monodon ; prophenol oxidase ; WSSV
刊名: FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY
发表日期: 2006-10-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2006.01.002
卷: 21, 期:4, 页:372-384
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Fish Dev Genet & Cell Engn, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; MS Univ, Ctr Marine Sci & Technol, Rajakkamangalam 529502, Tamil Nadu, India; Anna Univ, Ctr Biotechnol, Madras 600025, Tamil Nadu, India
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: Fisheries ; Immunology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Veterinary Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Fisheries ; Immunology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Veterinary Sciences
摘要: Immunostimulants are the substances, which enhance the non-specific defence mechanism and provide resistance against the invading pathogenic micro-organism. In order to increase the immunity of shrimps against the WSSV, the methanolic extracts of five different herbal medicinal plants like Cyanodon dactylon, Aegle marmelos, Tinospora cordifolia, Picrorhiza kurooa and Eclipta alba were selected and mixed thoroughly in equal proportion. The mixed extract was supplemented with various concentrations viz. 100 (A), 200 (B), 400 (C), and 800 (D) mg kg(-1) through artificial diets individually. The prepared diets (A-D) were fed individually to WSSV free healthy shrimp Penaeus monodon with an average weight of 8.0 +/- 0.5 g for 25 days. Control diet (E), devoid of herbal extract was also fed to shrimps simultaneously. After 25 days of feeding experiment, the shrimps were challenged with WSSV, which were isolated and propagated from the infected crustaceans. The shrimps succumbed to death within 7 days when fed on no herbal immunostimulant diet (E). Among the different concentrations of herbal immunostimulant supplemented diets, the shrimps fed on diet D (800 mg kg(-1)) significantly (P < 0.0001) had more survival (74%) and reduction in the viral load. Also the better performance of haematological, biochemical and immunological parameters was found in the immunostimulant incorporated diets fed shrimps. The present work revealed that the application of herbal immunostimulants will be effective against shrimp viral pathogenesis and they can be recommended for shrimp culture. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
英文摘要: Immunostimulants are the substances, which enhance the non-specific defence mechanism and provide resistance against the invading pathogenic micro-organism. In order to increase the immunity of shrimps against the WSSV, the methanolic extracts of five different herbal medicinal plants like Cyanodon dactylon, Aegle marmelos, Tinospora cordifolia, Picrorhiza kurooa and Eclipta alba were selected and mixed thoroughly in equal proportion. The mixed extract was supplemented with various concentrations viz. 100 (A), 200 (B), 400 (C), and 800 (D) mg kg(-1) through artificial diets individually. The prepared diets (A-D) were fed individually to WSSV free healthy shrimp Penaeus monodon with an average weight of 8.0 +/- 0.5 g for 25 days. Control diet (E), devoid of herbal extract was also fed to shrimps simultaneously. After 25 days of feeding experiment, the shrimps were challenged with WSSV, which were isolated and propagated from the infected crustaceans. The shrimps succumbed to death within 7 days when fed on no herbal immunostimulant diet (E). Among the different concentrations of herbal immunostimulant supplemented diets, the shrimps fed on diet D (800 mg kg(-1)) significantly (P < 0.0001) had more survival (74%) and reduction in the viral load. Also the better performance of haematological, biochemical and immunological parameters was found in the immunostimulant incorporated diets fed shrimps. The present work revealed that the application of herbal immunostimulants will be effective against shrimp viral pathogenesis and they can be recommended for shrimp culture. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
关键词[WOS]: SYNDROME BACULOVIRUS WSBV ; KURUMA SHRIMP ; HEMOCYANIN CONCENTRATION ; DIETARY BETA-1,3-GLUCAN ; DISEASE RESISTANCE ; CRANGON-CRANGON ; JAPONICUS ; HEMOLYMPH ; STRESS ; STYLIROSTRIS
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000240061600005
ISSN号: 1050-4648
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/8860
Appears in Collections:中科院水生所知识产出(2009年前)_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Fish Dev Genet & Cell Engn, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.MS Univ, Ctr Marine Sci & Technol, Rajakkamangalam 529502, Tamil Nadu, India
3.Anna Univ, Ctr Biotechnol, Madras 600025, Tamil Nadu, India

Recommended Citation:
Citarasu, Thavasimuthu; Sivaram, Veeramani; Immanuel, Grasian; Rout, Namita; Murugan, Vadivel.Influence of selected Indian immunostimulant herbs against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon with reference to haematological, biochemical and immunological changes,FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY,2006,21(4):372-384
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