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Influence of selected Indian immunostimulant herbs against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon with reference to haematological, biochemical and immunological changes
Citarasu, Thavasimuthu; Sivaram, Veeramani; Immanuel, Grasian; Rout, Namita; Murugan, Vadivel; Citarasu, T, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Fish Dev Genet & Cell Engn, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2006-10-01
Source PublicationFISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY
ISSN1050-4648
Volume21Issue:4Pages:372-384
AbstractImmunostimulants are the substances, which enhance the non-specific defence mechanism and provide resistance against the invading pathogenic micro-organism. In order to increase the immunity of shrimps against the WSSV, the methanolic extracts of five different herbal medicinal plants like Cyanodon dactylon, Aegle marmelos, Tinospora cordifolia, Picrorhiza kurooa and Eclipta alba were selected and mixed thoroughly in equal proportion. The mixed extract was supplemented with various concentrations viz. 100 (A), 200 (B), 400 (C), and 800 (D) mg kg(-1) through artificial diets individually. The prepared diets (A-D) were fed individually to WSSV free healthy shrimp Penaeus monodon with an average weight of 8.0 +/- 0.5 g for 25 days. Control diet (E), devoid of herbal extract was also fed to shrimps simultaneously. After 25 days of feeding experiment, the shrimps were challenged with WSSV, which were isolated and propagated from the infected crustaceans. The shrimps succumbed to death within 7 days when fed on no herbal immunostimulant diet (E). Among the different concentrations of herbal immunostimulant supplemented diets, the shrimps fed on diet D (800 mg kg(-1)) significantly (P < 0.0001) had more survival (74%) and reduction in the viral load. Also the better performance of haematological, biochemical and immunological parameters was found in the immunostimulant incorporated diets fed shrimps. The present work revealed that the application of herbal immunostimulants will be effective against shrimp viral pathogenesis and they can be recommended for shrimp culture. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd.; Immunostimulants are the substances, which enhance the non-specific defence mechanism and provide resistance against the invading pathogenic micro-organism. In order to increase the immunity of shrimps against the WSSV, the methanolic extracts of five different herbal medicinal plants like Cyanodon dactylon, Aegle marmelos, Tinospora cordifolia, Picrorhiza kurooa and Eclipta alba were selected and mixed thoroughly in equal proportion. The mixed extract was supplemented with various concentrations viz. 100 (A), 200 (B), 400 (C), and 800 (D) mg kg(-1) through artificial diets individually. The prepared diets (A-D) were fed individually to WSSV free healthy shrimp Penaeus monodon with an average weight of 8.0 +/- 0.5 g for 25 days. Control diet (E), devoid of herbal extract was also fed to shrimps simultaneously. After 25 days of feeding experiment, the shrimps were challenged with WSSV, which were isolated and propagated from the infected crustaceans. The shrimps succumbed to death within 7 days when fed on no herbal immunostimulant diet (E). Among the different concentrations of herbal immunostimulant supplemented diets, the shrimps fed on diet D (800 mg kg(-1)) significantly (P < 0.0001) had more survival (74%) and reduction in the viral load. Also the better performance of haematological, biochemical and immunological parameters was found in the immunostimulant incorporated diets fed shrimps. The present work revealed that the application of herbal immunostimulants will be effective against shrimp viral pathogenesis and they can be recommended for shrimp culture. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordHerbals Immunostimulants Molecular Diagnosis Oxyhaemocynin Peneaus Monodon Prophenol Oxidase Wssv
DepartmentChinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Fish Dev Genet & Cell Engn, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; MS Univ, Ctr Marine Sci & Technol, Rajakkamangalam 529502, Tamil Nadu, India; Anna Univ, Ctr Biotechnol, Madras 600025, Tamil Nadu, India
Subject AreaFisheries ; Immunology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Veterinary Sciences
DOI10.1016/j.fsi.2006.01.002
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFisheries ; Immunology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Veterinary Sciences
WOS SubjectFisheries ; Immunology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Veterinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000240061600005
WOS KeywordSYNDROME BACULOVIRUS WSBV ; KURUMA SHRIMP ; HEMOCYANIN CONCENTRATION ; DIETARY BETA-1,3-GLUCAN ; DISEASE RESISTANCE ; CRANGON-CRANGON ; JAPONICUS ; HEMOLYMPH ; STRESS ; STYLIROSTRIS
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Cited Times:127[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/8860
Collection期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorCitarasu, T, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Fish Dev Genet & Cell Engn, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Fish Dev Genet & Cell Engn, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.MS Univ, Ctr Marine Sci & Technol, Rajakkamangalam 529502, Tamil Nadu, India
3.Anna Univ, Ctr Biotechnol, Madras 600025, Tamil Nadu, India
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Citarasu, Thavasimuthu,Sivaram, Veeramani,Immanuel, Grasian,et al. Influence of selected Indian immunostimulant herbs against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon with reference to haematological, biochemical and immunological changes[J]. FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY,2006,21(4):372-384.
APA Citarasu, Thavasimuthu,Sivaram, Veeramani,Immanuel, Grasian,Rout, Namita,Murugan, Vadivel,&Citarasu, T, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Fish Dev Genet & Cell Engn, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China.(2006).Influence of selected Indian immunostimulant herbs against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon with reference to haematological, biochemical and immunological changes.FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY,21(4),372-384.
MLA Citarasu, Thavasimuthu,et al."Influence of selected Indian immunostimulant herbs against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon with reference to haematological, biochemical and immunological changes".FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY 21.4(2006):372-384.
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