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Meat and bone meal replacement in diets for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio): effects on growth performance, phosphorus and nitrogen loading
Zhang, S.; Xie, S.; Zhu, X.; Lei, W.; Yang, Y.; Zhao, M.; Xie, S, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
2006-10-01
Source PublicationAQUACULTURE NUTRITION
ISSN1353-5773
Volume12Issue:5Pages:353-362
AbstractA 11-week growth trial was conducted in a flow-through system with juvenile gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio to evaluate the effects of gradual replacement of fish meal (FM) by meat and bone meal (MBM) on growth performance, phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) loading. Six isonitrogenous (crude protein: 410 g kg(-1)) and isoenergetic (gross energy: 18 kJ g(-1)) diets were formulated. FM was used as the control protein. In the other five diets, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100% FM protein was substituted with MBM20, MBM40, MBM60, MBM80, MBM100, respectively. Total P content in the diets ranged from 16.0 to 28.3 g kg(-1) and the available P was 5.0-6.6 g kg(-1). The results showed that the best growth was achieved with fish fed on the control diet and MBM20. Final body weight, weight gain, feed efficiency, protein retention efficiency and energy retention efficiency decreased with increased dietary MBM. No significant differences were found in the feeding rate and hepatosomatic index between the groups. Apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of dry matter, protein and P decreased with increase in dietary MBM, while there were no significant differences in the ADC of energy. P and N retention decreased linearly while P and N loading increased linearly with the increased dietary MBM levels. No significant differences were observed in the activity of alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase, as well as pyruvate kinase in liver or in serum. Total superoxide dismutase activity in MBM20 was significantly higher than that of MBM100.; A 11-week growth trial was conducted in a flow-through system with juvenile gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio to evaluate the effects of gradual replacement of fish meal (FM) by meat and bone meal (MBM) on growth performance, phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) loading. Six isonitrogenous (crude protein: 410 g kg(-1)) and isoenergetic (gross energy: 18 kJ g(-1)) diets were formulated. FM was used as the control protein. In the other five diets, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100% FM protein was substituted with MBM20, MBM40, MBM60, MBM80, MBM100, respectively. Total P content in the diets ranged from 16.0 to 28.3 g kg(-1) and the available P was 5.0-6.6 g kg(-1). The results showed that the best growth was achieved with fish fed on the control diet and MBM20. Final body weight, weight gain, feed efficiency, protein retention efficiency and energy retention efficiency decreased with increased dietary MBM. No significant differences were found in the feeding rate and hepatosomatic index between the groups. Apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of dry matter, protein and P decreased with increase in dietary MBM, while there were no significant differences in the ADC of energy. P and N retention decreased linearly while P and N loading increased linearly with the increased dietary MBM levels. No significant differences were observed in the activity of alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase, as well as pyruvate kinase in liver or in serum. Total superoxide dismutase activity in MBM20 was significantly higher than that of MBM100.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordCarassius Auratus Gibelio Growth Performance Loading Meat And Bone Meal Nitrogen Phosphorus Retention
DepartmentChinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China; Shanghai Univ, E Inst, Div Aquaculture, Shanghai, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing, Peoples R China
Subject AreaFisheries
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFisheries
WOS SubjectFisheries
WOS IDWOS:000240207400004
WOS KeywordTROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS ; ANIMAL PROTEIN-SOURCES ; BY-PRODUCT MEALS ; X MORONE-SAXATILIS ; FISH-MEAL ; PRACTICAL DIETS ; FEED INGREDIENTS ; APPARENT DIGESTIBILITY ; NILE TILAPIA ; CULTURE
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/8854
Collection期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorXie, S, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Shanghai Univ, E Inst, Div Aquaculture, Shanghai, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, S.,Xie, S.,Zhu, X.,et al. Meat and bone meal replacement in diets for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio): effects on growth performance, phosphorus and nitrogen loading[J]. AQUACULTURE NUTRITION,2006,12(5):353-362.
APA Zhang, S..,Xie, S..,Zhu, X..,Lei, W..,Yang, Y..,...&Xie, S, Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China.(2006).Meat and bone meal replacement in diets for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio): effects on growth performance, phosphorus and nitrogen loading.AQUACULTURE NUTRITION,12(5),353-362.
MLA Zhang, S.,et al."Meat and bone meal replacement in diets for juvenile gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio): effects on growth performance, phosphorus and nitrogen loading".AQUACULTURE NUTRITION 12.5(2006):353-362.
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