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The status and causes of alien species invasion in China
Xu, Haigen; Qiang, Sheng; Han, Zhengmin; Guo, Jianying; Huang, Zongguo; Sun, Hongying; He, Shunping; Ding, Hui; Wu, Hairong; Wan, Fanghao; Xu, HG, Nanjing Inst Environm Sci, Nanjing 210042, Peoples R China
2006-08-01
Source PublicationBIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
ISSN0960-3115
Volume15Issue:9Pages:2893-2904
AbstractData of classification, origin, pathway and environmental impacts of invasive alien micro-organisms, invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, fish, birds, mammals, weeds, trees, and marine organisms in terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems of China, were analyzed, based on literature retrieval, field survey and consultation. Some 283 invasive alien species were recorded in China, including 19 invasive alien micro-organisms, 18 aquatic plants, 170 terrestrial plants, 25 aquatic invertebrates, 33 terrestrial invertebrates, 3 amphibians and reptiles, 10 fish, and 5 mammals. Of the invasive alien species, 55.1% originated from North and South America, 21.7% from Europe, 9.9% from Asia, 8.1% from Africa and 0.6% from Oceania. Many institutions and individuals in China lack adequate knowledge of ecological and environmental consequences caused by invasive alien species, with some ignorance of the dangerous invasion in the introduction of alien species. For instance, 50.0% of invasive alien plants were intentionally introduced as pasture, feedingstuff, ornamental plants, textile plants, medicinal plants, vegetables, or lawn plants, 25% of alien invasive animals were intentionally introduced for cultivation, ornament, or biological control, In addition, more efforts are being made in the introduction of alien species, and little attention is paid on the management of introduced alien species, which may cause their escape into natural environment and potential threats to the environment. There were also gaps in quarantine system in China. All microorganisms were unintentionally introduced, through timber, seedling, flowerpot, or soil; 76.3% of alien invasive animals invaded through commodity or transportation facility because of the failure of quarantine. Therefore, quarantine measures should be strictly implemented; and meanwhile the intentional introduction of alien species should be strictly managed and a system of risk assessment should be implemented.; Data of classification, origin, pathway and environmental impacts of invasive alien micro-organisms, invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, fish, birds, mammals, weeds, trees, and marine organisms in terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems of China, were analyzed, based on literature retrieval, field survey and consultation. Some 283 invasive alien species were recorded in China, including 19 invasive alien micro-organisms, 18 aquatic plants, 170 terrestrial plants, 25 aquatic invertebrates, 33 terrestrial invertebrates, 3 amphibians and reptiles, 10 fish, and 5 mammals. Of the invasive alien species, 55.1% originated from North and South America, 21.7% from Europe, 9.9% from Asia, 8.1% from Africa and 0.6% from Oceania. Many institutions and individuals in China lack adequate knowledge of ecological and environmental consequences caused by invasive alien species, with some ignorance of the dangerous invasion in the introduction of alien species. For instance, 50.0% of invasive alien plants were intentionally introduced as pasture, feedingstuff, ornamental plants, textile plants, medicinal plants, vegetables, or lawn plants, 25% of alien invasive animals were intentionally introduced for cultivation, ornament, or biological control, In addition, more efforts are being made in the introduction of alien species, and little attention is paid on the management of introduced alien species, which may cause their escape into natural environment and potential threats to the environment. There were also gaps in quarantine system in China. All microorganisms were unintentionally introduced, through timber, seedling, flowerpot, or soil; 76.3% of alien invasive animals invaded through commodity or transportation facility because of the failure of quarantine. Therefore, quarantine measures should be strictly implemented; and meanwhile the intentional introduction of alien species should be strictly managed and a system of risk assessment should be implemented.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordBiological Invasion Distribution Invasive Alien Species Origin Pathway
DepartmentNanjing Inst Environm Sci, Nanjing 210042, Peoples R China; Nanjing Agr Univ, Weed Res Lab, Nanjing 210095, Peoples R China; Nanjing Forestry Univ, Nanjing 210037, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Inst Biol Control, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China; State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 3, Xiamen 361005, Peoples R China; Nanjing Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Nanjing 210097, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
Subject AreaBiodiversity Conservation ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
DOI10.1007/s10531-005-2575-5
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectBiodiversity Conservation ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000240722500003
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/8832
Collection期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorXu, HG, Nanjing Inst Environm Sci, Nanjing 210042, Peoples R China
Affiliation1.Nanjing Inst Environm Sci, Nanjing 210042, Peoples R China
2.Nanjing Agr Univ, Weed Res Lab, Nanjing 210095, Peoples R China
3.Nanjing Forestry Univ, Nanjing 210037, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Inst Biol Control, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
5.State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 3, Xiamen 361005, Peoples R China
6.Nanjing Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Nanjing 210097, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, Haigen,Qiang, Sheng,Han, Zhengmin,et al. The status and causes of alien species invasion in China[J]. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION,2006,15(9):2893-2904.
APA Xu, Haigen.,Qiang, Sheng.,Han, Zhengmin.,Guo, Jianying.,Huang, Zongguo.,...&Xu, HG, Nanjing Inst Environm Sci, Nanjing 210042, Peoples R China.(2006).The status and causes of alien species invasion in China.BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION,15(9),2893-2904.
MLA Xu, Haigen,et al."The status and causes of alien species invasion in China".BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION 15.9(2006):2893-2904.
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