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学科主题: Biodiversity Conservation; Ecology; Environmental Sciences
题名: The status and causes of alien species invasion in China
作者: Xu, Haigen; Qiang, Sheng; Han, Zhengmin; Guo, Jianying; Huang, Zongguo; Sun, Hongying; He, Shunping; Ding, Hui; Wu, Hairong; Wan, Fanghao
通讯作者: Xu, HG, Nanjing Inst Environm Sci, Nanjing 210042, Peoples R China
关键词: biological invasion ; distribution ; invasive alien species ; origin ; pathway
刊名: BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION
发表日期: 2006-08-01
DOI: 10.1007/s10531-005-2575-5
卷: 15, 期:9, 页:2893-2904
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: Nanjing Inst Environm Sci, Nanjing 210042, Peoples R China; Nanjing Agr Univ, Weed Res Lab, Nanjing 210095, Peoples R China; Nanjing Forestry Univ, Nanjing 210037, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Inst Biol Control, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China; State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 3, Xiamen 361005, Peoples R China; Nanjing Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Nanjing 210097, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: Biodiversity Conservation ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Biodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
摘要: Data of classification, origin, pathway and environmental impacts of invasive alien micro-organisms, invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, fish, birds, mammals, weeds, trees, and marine organisms in terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems of China, were analyzed, based on literature retrieval, field survey and consultation. Some 283 invasive alien species were recorded in China, including 19 invasive alien micro-organisms, 18 aquatic plants, 170 terrestrial plants, 25 aquatic invertebrates, 33 terrestrial invertebrates, 3 amphibians and reptiles, 10 fish, and 5 mammals. Of the invasive alien species, 55.1% originated from North and South America, 21.7% from Europe, 9.9% from Asia, 8.1% from Africa and 0.6% from Oceania. Many institutions and individuals in China lack adequate knowledge of ecological and environmental consequences caused by invasive alien species, with some ignorance of the dangerous invasion in the introduction of alien species. For instance, 50.0% of invasive alien plants were intentionally introduced as pasture, feedingstuff, ornamental plants, textile plants, medicinal plants, vegetables, or lawn plants, 25% of alien invasive animals were intentionally introduced for cultivation, ornament, or biological control, In addition, more efforts are being made in the introduction of alien species, and little attention is paid on the management of introduced alien species, which may cause their escape into natural environment and potential threats to the environment. There were also gaps in quarantine system in China. All microorganisms were unintentionally introduced, through timber, seedling, flowerpot, or soil; 76.3% of alien invasive animals invaded through commodity or transportation facility because of the failure of quarantine. Therefore, quarantine measures should be strictly implemented; and meanwhile the intentional introduction of alien species should be strictly managed and a system of risk assessment should be implemented.
英文摘要: Data of classification, origin, pathway and environmental impacts of invasive alien micro-organisms, invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles, fish, birds, mammals, weeds, trees, and marine organisms in terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems of China, were analyzed, based on literature retrieval, field survey and consultation. Some 283 invasive alien species were recorded in China, including 19 invasive alien micro-organisms, 18 aquatic plants, 170 terrestrial plants, 25 aquatic invertebrates, 33 terrestrial invertebrates, 3 amphibians and reptiles, 10 fish, and 5 mammals. Of the invasive alien species, 55.1% originated from North and South America, 21.7% from Europe, 9.9% from Asia, 8.1% from Africa and 0.6% from Oceania. Many institutions and individuals in China lack adequate knowledge of ecological and environmental consequences caused by invasive alien species, with some ignorance of the dangerous invasion in the introduction of alien species. For instance, 50.0% of invasive alien plants were intentionally introduced as pasture, feedingstuff, ornamental plants, textile plants, medicinal plants, vegetables, or lawn plants, 25% of alien invasive animals were intentionally introduced for cultivation, ornament, or biological control, In addition, more efforts are being made in the introduction of alien species, and little attention is paid on the management of introduced alien species, which may cause their escape into natural environment and potential threats to the environment. There were also gaps in quarantine system in China. All microorganisms were unintentionally introduced, through timber, seedling, flowerpot, or soil; 76.3% of alien invasive animals invaded through commodity or transportation facility because of the failure of quarantine. Therefore, quarantine measures should be strictly implemented; and meanwhile the intentional introduction of alien species should be strictly managed and a system of risk assessment should be implemented.
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000240722500003
ISSN号: 0960-3115
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/8832
Appears in Collections:中科院水生所知识产出(2009年前)_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Nanjing Inst Environm Sci, Nanjing 210042, Peoples R China
2.Nanjing Agr Univ, Weed Res Lab, Nanjing 210095, Peoples R China
3.Nanjing Forestry Univ, Nanjing 210037, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Inst Biol Control, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
5.State Ocean Adm, Inst Oceanog 3, Xiamen 361005, Peoples R China
6.Nanjing Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Nanjing 210097, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China

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Xu, Haigen; Qiang, Sheng; Han, Zhengmin; Guo, Jianying; Huang, Zongguo; Sun, Hongying; He, Shunping; Ding, Hui; Wu, Hairong; Wan, Fanghao.The status and causes of alien species invasion in China,BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION,2006,15(9):2893-2904
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