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Determination of PAH, PCB, and OCP in water from the Three Gorges Reservoir accumulated by semipermeable membrane devices (SPMD)
Wang, Jingxian; Bi, Yonghong; Pfister, Gerd; Henkelmann, Bernhard; Zhu, Kongxian; Schramm, Karl-Werner; Wang, JX, German Res Ctr Environm Hlth GmbH, Helmholtz Ctr Munich, Inst Ecol Chem, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany
2009
Source PublicationCHEMOSPHERE
Volume75Issue:8Pages:1119-1127
AbstractBioavailable water concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and organochlorine pesticides (OCP) were measured in the water column from Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) collected in May 2008 using semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs). The sampling sites spanned the whole reservoir from the upstream Chongqing to the great dam covering more than 600 km long distance with water flow velocities ranging from <0.05 to 1.5 m s(-1). This is the first experience of SPMD application in the biggest reservoir in the world. The results of water sampling rates based on performance reference compounds (PRC) were tested to be significantly correlated with water flow velocities in the big river. Results of back-calculated aqueous concentrations based on PRC showed obvious regional variations of PAH, PCB and OCP levels in the reservoir. Total PAH ranged from 13.8 to 97.2 ng L-1, with the higher concentrations occurring in the region of upstream and near the dam. Phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene and chrysene were the predominant PAH compounds in TGR water. Total PCB ranged from 0.08 to 0.51 ng L-1, with the highest one occurring in the region near the dam. PCB 28, 52, 101, 138, 153, 180, 118 were the most abundant PCB congeners in the water. The total OCP ranged from 2.33 to 3.60 ng L-1 and the levels showed homogenous distribution in the whole reservoir. HCH, DDT and HCB, PeCB were the major compounds of OCP fingerprints. Based on water quality criteria, the TGR water could be designated as being polluted by HCB and PAH. Data on PAH, PCB and OCP concentrations found in this survey can be used as reference levels for future POP monitoring programmes in TGR. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordPah Pcb Ocp Spmd Three Gorges Reservoir Water
Department[Wang, Jingxian; Pfister, Gerd; Henkelmann, Bernhard; Schramm, Karl-Werner] German Res Ctr Environm Hlth GmbH, Helmholtz Ctr Munich, Inst Ecol Chem, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany; [Wang, Jingxian; Bi, Yonghong; Zhu, Kongxian] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; [Wang, Jingxian; Schramm, Karl-Werner] TUM, Wissensch Zentrum Weihenstephan Ernaehrung & Land, Dept Biowissensch Grundlagen, D-85350 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
Subject AreaEnvironmental Sciences
Funding OrganizationDAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) [A/07/92706]; Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KZCX1-YW-08-01] ; DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) [A/07/92706]; Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KZCX1-YW-08-01] ; DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) [A/07/92706]; Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KZCX1-YW-08-01] ; DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) [A/07/92706]; Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KZCX1-YW-08-01]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000266418400019
Funding OrganizationDAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) [A/07/92706]; Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KZCX1-YW-08-01] ; DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) [A/07/92706]; Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KZCX1-YW-08-01] ; DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) [A/07/92706]; Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KZCX1-YW-08-01] ; DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) [A/07/92706]; Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KZCX1-YW-08-01]
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Cited Times:119[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/7718
Collection期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWang, JX, German Res Ctr Environm Hlth GmbH, Helmholtz Ctr Munich, Inst Ecol Chem, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Jingxian,Bi, Yonghong,Pfister, Gerd,et al. Determination of PAH, PCB, and OCP in water from the Three Gorges Reservoir accumulated by semipermeable membrane devices (SPMD)[J]. CHEMOSPHERE,2009,75(8):1119-1127.
APA Wang, Jingxian.,Bi, Yonghong.,Pfister, Gerd.,Henkelmann, Bernhard.,Zhu, Kongxian.,...&Wang, JX, German Res Ctr Environm Hlth GmbH, Helmholtz Ctr Munich, Inst Ecol Chem, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany.(2009).Determination of PAH, PCB, and OCP in water from the Three Gorges Reservoir accumulated by semipermeable membrane devices (SPMD).CHEMOSPHERE,75(8),1119-1127.
MLA Wang, Jingxian,et al."Determination of PAH, PCB, and OCP in water from the Three Gorges Reservoir accumulated by semipermeable membrane devices (SPMD)".CHEMOSPHERE 75.8(2009):1119-1127.
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