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学科主题: Environmental Sciences
题名: Determination of PAH, PCB, and OCP in water from the Three Gorges Reservoir accumulated by semipermeable membrane devices (SPMD)
作者: Wang, Jingxian1, 2, 3; Bi, Yonghong2; Pfister, Gerd1; Henkelmann, Bernhard1; Zhu, Kongxian2; Schramm, Karl-Werner1, 3
通讯作者: Wang, JX, German Res Ctr Environm Hlth GmbH, Helmholtz Ctr Munich, Inst Ecol Chem, Ingolstadter Landstr 1, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany
关键词: PAH ; PCB ; OCP ; SPMD ; Three Gorges Reservoir ; Water
刊名: CHEMOSPHERE
发表日期: 2009-05-01
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.01.016
卷: 75, 期:8, 页:1119-1127
收录类别: SCI
文章类型: Article
部门归属: [Wang, Jingxian; Pfister, Gerd; Henkelmann, Bernhard; Schramm, Karl-Werner] German Res Ctr Environm Hlth GmbH, Helmholtz Ctr Munich, Inst Ecol Chem, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany; [Wang, Jingxian; Bi, Yonghong; Zhu, Kongxian] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China; [Wang, Jingxian; Schramm, Karl-Werner] TUM, Wissensch Zentrum Weihenstephan Ernaehrung & Land, Dept Biowissensch Grundlagen, D-85350 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
资助者: DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst) [A/07/92706]; Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KZCX1-YW-08-01]
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology
摘要: Bioavailable water concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and organochlorine pesticides (OCP) were measured in the water column from Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) collected in May 2008 using semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs). The sampling sites spanned the whole reservoir from the upstream Chongqing to the great dam covering more than 600 km long distance with water flow velocities ranging from <0.05 to 1.5 m s(-1). This is the first experience of SPMD application in the biggest reservoir in the world. The results of water sampling rates based on performance reference compounds (PRC) were tested to be significantly correlated with water flow velocities in the big river. Results of back-calculated aqueous concentrations based on PRC showed obvious regional variations of PAH, PCB and OCP levels in the reservoir. Total PAH ranged from 13.8 to 97.2 ng L-1, with the higher concentrations occurring in the region of upstream and near the dam. Phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene and chrysene were the predominant PAH compounds in TGR water. Total PCB ranged from 0.08 to 0.51 ng L-1, with the highest one occurring in the region near the dam. PCB 28, 52, 101, 138, 153, 180, 118 were the most abundant PCB congeners in the water. The total OCP ranged from 2.33 to 3.60 ng L-1 and the levels showed homogenous distribution in the whole reservoir. HCH, DDT and HCB, PeCB were the major compounds of OCP fingerprints. Based on water quality criteria, the TGR water could be designated as being polluted by HCB and PAH. Data on PAH, PCB and OCP concentrations found in this survey can be used as reference levels for future POP monitoring programmes in TGR. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
英文摘要: Bioavailable water concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and organochlorine pesticides (OCP) were measured in the water column from Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) collected in May 2008 using semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs). The sampling sites spanned the whole reservoir from the upstream Chongqing to the great dam covering more than 600 km long distance with water flow velocities ranging from <0.05 to 1.5 m s(-1). This is the first experience of SPMD application in the biggest reservoir in the world. The results of water sampling rates based on performance reference compounds (PRC) were tested to be significantly correlated with water flow velocities in the big river. Results of back-calculated aqueous concentrations based on PRC showed obvious regional variations of PAH, PCB and OCP levels in the reservoir. Total PAH ranged from 13.8 to 97.2 ng L(-1), with the higher concentrations occurring in the region of upstream and near the dam. Phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene and chrysene were the predominant PAH compounds in TGR water. Total PCB ranged from 0.08 to 0.51 ng L(-1), with the highest one occurring in the region near the dam. PCB 28, 52, 101, 138, 153, 180, 118 were the most abundant PCB congeners in the water. The total OCP ranged from 2.33 to 3.60 ng L(-1) and the levels showed homogenous distribution in the whole reservoir. HCH, DDT and HCB, PeCB were the major compounds of OCP fingerprints. Based on water quality criteria, the TGR water could be designated as being polluted by HCB and PAH. Data on PAH, PCB and OCP concentrations found in this survey can be used as reference levels for future POP monitoring programmes in TGR. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
关键词[WOS]: POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS ; ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS ; ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES ; SURFACE SEDIMENTS ; UPTAKE KINETICS ; RIVER ESTUARY ; YANGTZE-ESTUARY ; SEINE ESTUARY ; PEARL RIVER ; CHINA
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000266418400019
ISSN号: 0045-6535
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/152342/7718
Appears in Collections:中科院水生所知识产出(2009年前)_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.German Res Ctr Environm Hlth GmbH, Helmholtz Ctr Munich, Inst Ecol Chem, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
3.TUM, Wissensch Zentrum Weihenstephan Ernaehrung & Land, Dept Biowissensch Grundlagen, D-85350 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany

Recommended Citation:
Wang, Jingxian; Bi, Yonghong; Pfister, Gerd; Henkelmann, Bernhard; Zhu, Kongxian; Schramm, Karl-Werner.Determination of PAH, PCB, and OCP in water from the Three Gorges Reservoir accumulated by semipermeable membrane devices (SPMD),CHEMOSPHERE,2009,75(8):1119-1127
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