GSF MUNICH,CTR ENVIRONM RES & HLTH,INST ECOL CHEM,D-85764 NEUHERBERG,GERMANY; CHINESE ACAD SCI,GSF,GUEST LAB,INST HYDROBIOL,WUHAN 430072,PEOPLES R CHINA
Sources and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the Ya-Er Lake area (Hubei, China) sediment cores of 3 ponds in the shallow Ya-Er Lake were investigated for 16 PAH. Analytical procedure included extraction by ultrasonication, clean-up by gel-permeation and quantification by HPLC with fluorescence detection. The total PAH amount in sediment samples of the Ya-Er Lake ranged from 68 to 2242 mu g/kg. Concentrations decreased from pond 1 to pond 3 and from upper to lower sediment layers. In addition a soil sample from Ya-Er Lake area showed a total PAH amount of 58 mu g/kg. The PAH pattern in lower sediment layers were similar to that of the soil sample which indicates an atmospheric deposition into the sediments prior to 1970 only. The PAH profile of upper sediment samples, which differs completely from that of lower layers, may be explained by a gradually increasing input of mixed combustion and raw fuel sources since 1970. Therefore the origin of increased PAH contamination in Ya-Er Lake during the last 3 decades has been probably an industrial waste effluent in pond 1.
G.S.Chen; K.-W.Schramm; C.Klimm; Y.Xu; Y.Y.Zhang; A.Kettrup.Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Ya-Er Lake (Hubei, China): sources and distribution,FRESENIUS JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY,1997,359(3):280-284